Allan Adler

Vice President for Legal and Governmental Affairs
Association of American Publishers (AAP)

At present, Mr. Adler is Vice President for Legal and Governmental Affairs in the Washington, D.C. office of the Association of American Publishers (AAP), the national trade organization which represents our Nation's book and journal publishing industries.

From 1989 until joining AAP in 1996, Mr. Adler practiced law as a member of Cohn and Marks, the Washington, D.C. communications law firm. His practice focused primarily on government relations in areas of federal law, regulation and policy concerning information, telecommunications & technology. Mr. Adler's practice included work on federal legislation and rulemaking affecting cable & broadcast television, telemarketing, electronic publishing, copyright, postsecondary education and career training programs, and First Amendment interests of the news media.

Prior to joining Cohn and Marks, Mr. Adler served as Legislative Counsel to the American Civil Liberties Union (1981-1989), where he presented testimony before various committees of Congress on a broad range of issues concerning the public's right to obtain and disseminate information. He also represented the ACLU concerning a variety of public policy matters relating to national security, privacy, and the due process rights of employees in the workplace.

During his years as an ACLU attorney, Mr. Adler became well-known for his work involving the Freedom of Information Act; the Privacy Act; requirements for classification and safeguarding of National Security Information; the Federal Personnel Security Clearance Program; and polygraph and drug testing in the workplace.

For over sixteen years, Mr. Adler was the editor of annual editions of Litigation Under the Federal Open Government Laws, a popular attorney's handbook for which he received the Playboy Foundation's First Amendment Award for Book Publishing in 1991.

Before representing the ACLU, Mr. Adler was a staff attorney with the Center for National Security Studies (1978-1981) and Staff Director for The Reporters Committee for Freedom of the Press (1977-1978).

Mr. Adler holds a B.A. in History from the State University of New York at Binghamton (1974) and a Juris Doctor from the National Law Center of The George Washington University in Washington, D.C. (1978).

Mr. Adler has been a member of the State Department's Advisory Committee on International Communications and Information Policy ("ACICIP") since his appointment to it in 1997.

Michael Alan Aisenberg

Director of Public Policy

Michael Aisenberg is Director of Public Policy for VeriSign, Inc. in Washington, D.C., serving as principal liaison with the Administration and Federal agencies, including the Departments of Commerce, Defense and Justice, and regulatory bodies such as the Federal Trade Commission and the Federal Communications Commission. He also manages a portfolio of policy issues, including digital signatures, telecommunications, intellectual property and infrastructure security on behalf of the world's leading Internet trust and identity provider. Previously, he served for seventeen years as Digital Equipment Corporation's Washington public policy program director and lobbyist, addressing issues including reform of Federal I/T acquisition policy, critical infrastructure protection, E-commerce policy, the Year 2000 computer problem, export controls, patent/antitrust reform, reductions in European Community tariffs on electronics products, and Federal R&D budget policy.

Technology legislation Aisenberg has helped author and pass includes the R&D Tax Credit Amendments of 1981, Export Administration Amendments of 1983, Cooperative R&D Act of 1984, Semiconductor Chip Protection Act of 1984, Technology Tariff Negotiating Authority in 1985, the Electronic Communications Privacy Act of 1986, SCPA International Amendments in 1987, Patent Misuse Reform Amendments of 1988, the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act Amendments of 1994, Year 2000 Information & Readiness Disclosure Act of 1998, and Year 2000 Liability Act of 1999.

Aisenberg is currently Chairman of the Internet Security Alliance's Policy Committee, co-chair of the Legislative/Regulatory Committee of ITAA's Information Security Committee and is a member of the ABA's Information Security Committee and the editorial Board of Advisers of the E-commerce Law Journal; he has recently been nominated to the Committee on Export Administration of the President's Export Council. Aisenberg is a member of the Board of the U.S. government-industry Partnership for Critical Infrastructure Security, and supports VeriSign's participation in the Presidential NSTAC and FCC-sponsored NRIC security advisory committees, as well as both the I/T ISAC and ISA security organizations. He has previously held the chair of D.C. Bar's CTPS Subcommittee on New Technology, the Information Technology Industry Council's International Committee, the ITAA Year 2000 Federal policy task force, and the U.S. Chamber's International Technology Committee.

Aisenberg holds a B. A. from the University of Pennsylvania and a J. D. from the University of Maine School of Law. He attended Georgetown University Law Center in 1975-76, and upon graduation, served five years as an attorney, attorney-advisor and legislative counsel at the FCC. A member of the District of Columbia Bar, the Courts of Appeals of the D.C. and Federal Circuits and the Federal Communications Bar Association, he has been a lecturer in Communications Law at the University of Maryland.

A native of Worcester, Massachusetts, Aisenberg is the father of two sons, and resides with his wife in Northern Virginia.

Kim Alexander

President & Founder
California Voter Foundation

Kim Alexander ( is president of the California Voter Foundation (CVF), a nonprofit, nonpartisan organization she re-founded in 1994 to advance new technologies to improve democracy. She is the designer and co-editor of CVF's Webby Award-winning web site,, and has led pioneering efforts to develop the Internet into a tool for improving voter education, civic participation and disclosure of money in politics.

Under Alexander's leadership, CVF has published the California Online Voter Guide for every statewide election since 1994. CVF's web site attracts hundreds of thousands of visits and millions of page views each year. Alexander has also been at the forefront of successful efforts to mandate electronic filing and Internet disclosure of California campaign finance records, and served on California's Internet Voting Task Force. In 2001, Alexander was named one of the "25 People Changing the World of the Internet and Politics" by Harvard University, the American Association of Political Consultants & Politics Online.

Alexander is a frequent speaker and commentator on the subject of digital democracy, and is actively engaged in cutting-edge democracy and technology policy issues including voting technology, Internet voting, voter privacy, and using the Internet to improve voter education. Alexander is a graduate of the University of California, Santa Barbara, with degrees in political science and philosophy.

Sarah Andrews

Research Director
Electronic Privacy Information Center

Sarah Andrews is Research Director at the Electronic Privacy Information Center (EPIC), a public interest research center in Washington, DC. EPIC was established in 1994 to focus public attention on emerging civil liberties issues and to protect privacy, the First Amendment and constitutional values. Her work at EPIC focuses on consumer privacy issues and international developments in Internet policy making. She is a regular speaker at national and international conferences on these and other issues. She has served on advisory committees to the American Bar Association (ABA) and the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) Security Expert Group. She is the editor of the Consumer Law Sourcebook 2000: Electronic Commerce and the Global Economy (EPIC 2000) and Privacy and Human Rights 2001: An International Survey of Privacy Laws and Developments (EPIC 2001). She holds a Bachelor of Civil Law (BCL) and a Bachelor of Laws (LLB) degree from University College Cork, Ireland.

Brian Arbogast

Vice President, .NET Core Services Platform, Services Platform Division
Microsoft Corporation

Brian Arbogast is Vice President of the .NET Core Services Platform in Microsoft's Services Platform Division. He is responsible for delivering .NET Passport, My Services, and Wallet Services to partners, developers, and end users. He has over twelve years of experience in leading teams that deliver innovative software solutions. Brian joined Microsoft in 1986 as a software developer. He was a technical lead on Access 1.0, and after shipping that product and planning Access 2.0 he took a sabbatical and traveled extensively. He returned to Microsoft 15 months later as the Group Manager for Access and in 1996 built and led the Visual InterDev Product Unit. After shipping Visual InterDev 1.0 he became a General Manager, gaining responsibilities for Visual Studio and Active Scripting in 1997, Visual Basic for Applications (VBA) and Microsoft Office Developer in 1998, and Microsoft Developer Network (MSDN) in 1999. He was promoted to Vice President in early 2000 and has been helping drive Microsoft's transition to software as a service ever since.

Before joining Microsoft, Brian had internships at IBM, Phillips Information Systems, and Systemhouse Graphics. He holds a bachelor's degree in Mathematics from the University of Waterloo.

Sonia Arrison

Director, Center for Freedom and Technology
Pacific Research Institute

Sonia Arrison researches and writes on privacy policy, electronic commerce, e-government, Internet taxation, and telecommunications. She is the author of Consumer Privacy: A Free Choice Approach, and co-author of Western Visions: Perspectives on the West in Canada, A Primer on Forced Access and Internet Taxes: What California Legislators Should Know.

A frequent media guest, Ms. Arrison has appeared on National Public Radio's "Beyond Computers," Talk America's "Computer Daze," Tech TV's "Silicon Spin," and CBC TV's "The National" and "Sunday Morning Edition." Her work has appeared in CBS MarketWatch, CNNfn, San Jose Mercury News, San Francisco Chronicle, San Diego Tribune, The Sacramento Bee, The National Post, Washington Times, and Boardwatch Magazine. Prior to joining PRI, Ms. Arrison specialized in Canadian-U.S. regulatory and political issues at the Donner Canadian Foundation. She also worked at the Fraser Institute in Vancouver, where she specialized in regulatory policy and privatization.

Ms. Arrison received a M.A. from the University of British Columbia and a B.A. from the University of Calgary.

Karl Auerbach

Board Member
Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)

Karl Auerbach is a Member of the Board of Directors -Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN). He is the elected "at-large" representative for Bermuda, Canada, Greenland, Saint Pierre and Miquelon, and the United States to the Board of Directors of ICANN.

Mr. Auerbach is forming a new startup company to create tools to detect and repair network problems and to assist protocol implementers. Mr. Auerbach was formerly a senior researcher in the Advanced Internet Architecture group in the Office of the Chief Strategy Officer at Cisco Systems.

In addition to his technical work, Mr. Auerbach has been an attorney in California since 1978. He is a member of the Intellectual Property Section of he California State Bar.

He has been working on Internet technology since the early 1970's. Mr. Auerbach has been a long-time member of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF). Mr. Auerbach founded both Epilogue Technology Corporation and Empirical Tools and Technologies, Inc. He has been closely involved with several other startups. He is the co-founder of the Boston Working Group and has been involved in the issue of Internet governance for several years.

In his spare time he does backstage work with a professional theatre company and also is helping to restore a 1923 mainline steam locomotive.

Patrick Ball, Ph.D.,

Deputy Director
Science and Human Rights Program
American Association for the Advancement of Science

Patrick Ball, Ph.D., is Deputy Director of the Science and Human Rights Program. Since 1991, he has designed information management systems and conducted quantitative analysis for large-scale human rights data projects for truth commissions, non-governmental organizations, tribunals and United Nations missions in El Salvador, Ethiopia, Guatemala, Haiti, South Africa, and Kosovo.

James Bamford


James Bamford is the author of The Puzzle Palace, a national bestseller when it was first published and now regarded as a classic. He was until recently Washington Investigative Producer for ABC's World News Tonight with Peter Jennings and has written investigative cover stories for the New York Times Magazine, theWashington Post Magazine, and the Los Angeles Times Magazine. He lives in Washington, D.C.

Praise for James Bamford's first examination of the National Security Agency, The Puzzle Palace:

"There have been glimpses inside the NSA before, but until now no one has published a comprehensive and detailed report on the agency Mr. Bamford has emerged with everything except the combination to the director's safe." - New York Times Book Review

John Perry Barlow

Co-Founder, Vice-Chairman of the Board

John Perry Barlow is a former Wyoming rancher and Grateful Dead lyricist. He graduated in 1969 with High Honors in comparative religion from Wesleyan University in Middletown, Connecticut.

More recently, he co-founded and still co-chairs the Electronic Frontier Foundation. He was the first to apply the term Cyberspace to the "place" it presently describes.

He has written for a diversity of publications, including Communications of the ACM, Mondo 2000, The New York Times, and Time. He has been on the masthead of Wired Magazine since it was founded. His piece on the future of copyright, "The Economy of Ideas" is taught in many law schools and his "Declaration of the Independence of Cyberspace" is posted on thousands of web sites.

In 1997, he was a Fellow at Harvard's Institute of Politics and has been, since 1998, as a Berkman Fellow at the Harvard Law School.

He works actively with several consulting groups, including Diamond Technology Partners, Vanguard, and Global Business Network.

In June 1999, FutureBanker Magazine named him "One of the 25 Most Influential People in Financial Services He writes, speaks, and consults on a broad variety of subjects, particularly digital economy.

He lives in Wyoming, New York, San Francisco, On the Road, and in Cyberspace. He has three teenaged daughters and aspires to be a good ancestor.

Erwin J. Basinski

Morrison & Foerster

Erwin Basinski is Of Counsel with Morrison & Foerster's Patent Group and is resident in the firm's San Francisco office. Prior to joining Morrison & Foerster, he spent seven years as a Patent Attorney in the Corporate Legal Department of Sun Microsystems, Inc., where he managed the patent portfolio and provided Patent and Copyright counsel to SunSoft, the software subsidiary of Sun. He has been involved with computers for over 30 years, working on both hardware and software systems. He received his J.D. in 1989 from Golden Gate University in San Francisco after a long career of managing computer programming staffs at Texaco, GE Apollo Support, Harris Corporation, and Carterfone Communications. He has an M.S. degree in Management from Florida Institute of Technology and a B.A. in Mathematics from the University of St. Thomas in Houston. He is licensed to practice law in California and before the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.

Mr. Basinski has served as a director of the Software Patent Institute and is an active member of the Computer Law Association, the AIPLA, the SFIPLA, the IP section of the American Bar Association and the Intellectual Property Section of the California Bar Association. Mr. Basinski has presented papers on Software Patents and Portfolio Management at the Computer Law Section of the AIPLA, at Patent Law Institutes sponsored by the University of Texas School of Law and on Software & Business Methods Patents to a meeting of the IP section of the German Bar Association in Munich. In December 1997, Mr. Basinski was one of two U.S. attorneys invited to attend the Roundtable Conference at the European Patent Office on "Patenting of Computer Software" sponsored by the Union of European Practitioners in Industrial Property. Mr. Basinski has published papers on the European Union's efforts to produce a Software Patent Directive and on the recently released EU Proposed Directive on computer-implemented Inventions, as well as papers on Patenting Business Methods in Europe. More recently Mr. Basinski has presented papers and comments on "Patents and Standard Setting Bodies" to a meeting of the National Science Foundation looking into Patents and competition in a knowledge based economy, and on the same subject to a conference on Patent Reform at UC Berkeley Boalt Law School. Mr. Basinski now focuses his practice on prosecution of patent applications for Computer and Software Systems and Business Methods in the US and in Europe, and on counseling, licensing, opinion writing and due diligence and patent analysis in the areas of Computer and Software Systems and Business Methods.

Ann Beeson

Staff Counsel

Ann Beeson is staff counsel at the ACLU National Legal Department in New York City, where she works as a litigator to promote and protect civil liberties in cyberspace. She was recently named one of America's Top 50 Women Litigators by The National Law Journal. She is currently lead counsel in Ashcroft v. ACLU, the challenge to the Child Online Protection Act (COPA), in which the courts struck down Congress' second attempt to impose criminal sanctions on protected Internet speech. In November 2001, Ms. Beeson argued the case before the United States Supreme Court, which is expected to issue its ruling this spring.

As counsel for plaintiffs in Reno v. ACLU, Ms. Beeson was a primary architect of the landmark case in which the Supreme Court in 1997 declared the Communications Decency Act (CDA) -- the first federal Internet censorship law -- unconstitutional and unequivocally affirmed free speech rights in cyberspace.

Ms. Beeson also represents libraries, patrons, and web sites in a case to invalidate the Children's Internet Protection Act, a federal law that requires all public libraries to install blocking software that will prevent adult library patrons from accessing protected speech. She represented Internet speakers in the first case to challenge the mandatory use of blocking software on Internet access terminals in public libraries, Mainstream Loudoun v. Loudoun County Library. In November 1999, a federal judge held that forcing adults to use blocking software in public libraries "offends the guarantee of free speech," and permanently blocked government officials in Loudoun County, Virginia from unconstitutionally restricting online access.

In addition to her advocacy at the federal level, Ms. Beeson has successfully fought the first cases to challenge state efforts to criminalize online "indecency." Courts in New York, New Mexico and Michigan have struck down these state laws on Commerce Clause grounds. In American Library Association v. Pataki, the federal court held that "the Internet is one of those areas of commerce that must be marked off as a national preserve to protect users from inconsistent legislation that . . . could paralyze development of the Internet altogether." The same day, Beeson won another case which struck down a Georgia law, in ACLU v. Miller, that made it a crime to communicate anonymously or using a pseudonym on the Internet.

Ms. Beeson has also fought Internet censorship by schools and universities. She convinced Princeton University to rescind its ban on student use of the college computer network "for political purposes." She has advocated on behalf of students disciplined by their schools for web sites created off-campus. In one incident, a student in McKinney, Texas who was punished by his middle school when he used his home computer to create a joke web site called "Chihuahua Haters of the World."

The World Economic Forum chose Ms. Beeson as one of the "Global Leaders for Tomorrow." The Los Angeles Times named Ms. Beeson one of six "Stars of the Internet" for her work in safeguarding free speech in cyberspace, and she has been profiled by USAToday and Yahoo! Internet Life Magazine. She was recently named a "Rising Internet Star" by Internet World Magazine.

Brian Behlendorf

Founder and CTO

Brian Behlendorf founded CollabNet, with O'Reilly & Associates, in July 1999. The company provides tools and services based on open source methods. Before launching CollabNet, Behlendorf was co-founder and CTO of Organic Online, a Web design and engineering consultancy located in San Francisco. During his five years at Organic, Behlendorf helped create Internet strategies for dozens of Fortune 500 companies. During that time, he co-founded and contributed heavily to the Apache Web Server Project, co-founded and supported the VRML (Virtual Reality Modeling Language) effort, and assisted several IETF working groups, particularly the HTTP standardization effort. Before starting Organic, Behlendorf was the first Chief Engineer at Wired Magazine and later HotWired, one of the first large-scale publishing Web sites. Behlendorf is President of the Apache Software Foundation. He also serves as a Technical Advisor to Critical Path (CPTH) and Topica

Jerry Berman

Executive Director
Center for Democracy and Technology

Jerry Berman is the Executive Director of the Center for Democracy and Technology (CDT). CDT is a Washington, DC based Internet public policy organization founded in December of 1994. CDT plays a leading role in free speech, privacy, Internet Governance and architecture (e.g. Broadband) issues affecting democracy and civil liberties on the global Internet.

Mr. Berman coordinates CDT's issue working groups that bring together Internet companies, associations, public interest groups and experts to find workable policy solutions to these critical issues.

Mr. Berman is also the President of the Internet Education Foundation (IEF), a Washington, DC based non-profit established by leading Internet companies and public interest groups to conduct programs designed to educate policy makers and the public about the commercial and democratic potential of today's decentralized and global Internet. IEF organizes forums for the Congressional Internet Caucus, sponsors conferences on issues such as child safety and privacy online, and develops and operates consumer education sites such as GetNetWise and GetPrivacyWise.

Mr. Berman heads the 150 organization Advisory Committee to the Congressional Internet Caucus, a bipartisan group of over 160 members of Congress which sponsor Internet policy forums and a speakers program to increase congressional understanding of the Internet.

In 1999 Mr. Berman served on the Congressionally appointed Child Online Protection Commission tasked to study technologies and other methods for protecting children from objectionable material on the Internet consistent with constitutional values.

Mr. Berman has led legislative efforts to enact such landmark legislation as Electronic Communications Privacy Act of 1986, the Video and Cable subscriber privacy statutes, the Electronic Freedom of Information Act Amendments of 1996 and amendments opening the Internet to commercial traffic.

In 1996 Mr. Berman coordinated the Citizens Internet Empowerment Coalition first amendment challenge to the Communications Decency Act. CIEC attorneys argued the case before the US Supreme Court that held the CDA unconstitutional and the Internet deserving of higher free speech protections than other electronic media.

Mr. Berman has written widely on Internet and civil liberties issues and often appears in the media and testifies before Congress on Internet policy issues.

Prior to founding the Center for Democracy and Technology, Mr. Berman was a Director of the Electronic Frontier Foundation. From 1978-1988, Mr Berman was Chief Legislative Counsel at the ACLU and founder and director of ACLU Projects on Privacy and Information Technology.

Mr. Berman received his BA, MA, and LLB at the University of California, Berkeley. He graduated with honors, was elected to Phi Beta Kappa and served as an editor of the California Law Review at Boalt Law School.

Ian Brown

University College, London

Ian Brown is a researcher at University College London, where he works in the fields of networking, security and privacy. He consults in these areas for various organizations such as Credit Suisse and the US government, and has been an active participant in such standards bodies as the Internet Engineering Task Force. Dr. Brown holds a PhD in communications security from London University.

Chris Carlsson

Shaping San Francisco
Critical Mass

Chris Carlsson is an artist, writer, publisher, editor, videographer, and community organizer. For the last twenty years his activities have focused on the underlying themes of horizontal communications, organic communities and public space.

He was one of the founders, editors and frequent contributors to the ground-breaking San Francisco magazine Processed World. Starting in 1981, Processed World was a pioneer of the now commonplace criticisms of the Information Age. But unlike many of today's critics, Processed World offered voice to the millions of invisible computer and office workers who were the users, re-appropriators, and victims of the office automation craze.

Carlsson was the chief author of "Just the Facts, M'am" which was published in Technoculture (1991: University of Minnesota Press), has a contribution in Sabotage in the American Workplace (1992: Pressure Drop Press, San Francisco), wrote "The Shape of Truth To Come: New Media and Knowledge" published in Resisting the Virtual Life (1995: City Lights Press, San Francisco), and has had his graphic art reprinted in over a dozen publications.

In 1992, Carlsson, a daily bicycle commuter, helped initiate the Critical Mass monthly bike ride, which quickly spread from San Francisco to several dozen cities across North America and Europe, from Montreal to Austin, Texas to London, England, where it continues to thrive. Critical Mass is conceived as a celebration of bicycling as a preferable alternative to the frustrating, dirty, dangerous, and isolated experience of automobile commuting. Moreover, Critical Mass is itself a new public space, attracting thousands of people seeking a place to gather with others and share ideas, goals and just plain fun! The event is an antidote to the isolation and fear that dominates the daily commute experience, but is also a tentative answer to the widespread demise of public space wrought by modern urban life.

Carlsson's multi-faceted skills and experience with traditional print media, video, art, and community activism led him to conceive of an experiment in interactive multimedia designed both to uncover the lost history of San Francisco and to seek the new media voice that successfully integrates traditional narrative forms with the new possibilities of hypermedia. Shaping San Francisco is the fruition of that effort.

In May 1998 the San Francisco Historical Society gave Carlsson an Award of Merit for his work on San Francisco history. He presented the project as a feature title in the New Media aera of the October 1998 Mill Valley Film Festival. In July 1999, the San Francisco Bay Guardian named Carlsson a "Local Hero" for his work in San Francisco. In October 2001 the San Francisco Bicycle Coalition awarded Carlsson its annual "Golden Wheel Award" for his conceptual contributions to Critical Mass.


Quantum Light

Caruso is a web activist, inspirational speaker, performance-artist and business leader. Caruso and his work have been featured in the New York Times, the London Financial Times, the Boston Globe, Money Magazine, and on CNN and National Public Radio. He has also appeared on many radio talk shows and TV news programs promoting causes like "Save Ben & Jerry's."

In 1998 Caruso founded, a 15-employee socially responsible web design firm. His goal was to leverage the power the Internet gave to young idealistic "webheads" and use that power to do some good for altruistic causes. Through his experiences, Caruso has learned how a little guerilla activism online can result in wide spread attention for his causes.

Caruso is currently leading an entirely new activist campaign. This time the activism is aimed toward encouraging inner shift as opposed to petitioning for outer results. He doesn't want to change the world, just the way his audience experiences it, and that, only for an instant. Designed to elevate and inspire, his events create a space where people come together and end up sharing a truly unifying moment. This moment only lasts an instant but it seems to reach into eternity. It is called eternal|instant. More information can be found at

Jason Catlett

Junkbusters Corp.

Jason Catlett is President and founder of Junkbusters Corp. A computer scientist with a Ph.D. in data mining, Dr Catlett is arguably the nation's leading expert on the interplay between technology, marketing and privacy.

Dr Catlett is frequently quoted in major newspapers, magazines and trade journals. He has appeared on 60 Minutes and many times on leading national television programs including MSNBC, C-SPAN, Fox, and CNN. He has testified on privacy issues before the U.S. Senate, the House of Representatives, Federal Trade Commission, the Department of Commerce and the National Governors' Association. He is a frequent speaker at international conferences.

Dr Catlett's Ph.D. was in Computer Science, which he taught for several years at the University of Sydney, including courses on technology and privacy. In 1992 he moved to AT&T Bell Laboratories in Murray Hill, NJ, where he continued work on ``data mining'' of large databases. He has served as an external examiner of Ph.D. candidates at Rutgers University, on the Editorial Board of the journal Machine Learning, and as a visiting scholar at the department of Computer Science at Columbia University. In addition to many academic publications, he has also contributed articles to trades such as Privacy Journal and the direct marketing trade newspaper DM News. And yes, he still gets annoyed by the occasional telemarketing call.

Ann Cavoukian, Ph.D.

Information and Privacy Commissioner/Ontario

Dr. Ann Cavoukian is a recognized authority on privacy and data protection. She was appointed Information and Privacy Commissioner in May of 1997. As Commissioner, Ann oversees the operations of Ontario's freedom of information and privacy laws, which apply to both provincial and municipal governments. She serves as an officer of the legislature, independent of the government of the day.

Ann joined the Information and Privacy Commission in 1987, during its start-up phase, as its first Director of Compliance. She was appointed Assistant Commissioner in 1990. Prior to her work at the Commission, Ann headed the Research Services Branch of the Ministry of the Attorney General, where she was responsible for conducting research on the administration of civil and criminal law. Ann received her M.A. and Ph.D. in Psychology from the University of Toronto, where she specialized in criminology, and lectured on psychology and the criminal justice system.

Ann is frequently called upon to speak at leading forums around the world. Her published works include a book on privacy called, Who Knows: Safeguarding Your Privacy in a Networked World (Random House), as well as numerous articles and chapters in international publications. Ann is particularly interested in advancing privacy protection through the pursuit of privacy-enhancing technologies.

Drew Clark

Senior Writer
National Journal's Technology Daily

Drew Clark is a senior writer for National Journal's Technology Daily, a twice-daily Web site on information technology politics and policy. He covers the topics of law in the digital age addressing questions of copyright and patents, privacy, free speech, cybercrime, and antitrust. He is a frequent media commentator, conference speaker, and panel moderator on issue of law and technology. A version of this essay is included in "Copy Fights: The Future of Intellectual Property in the Information Age," to be published in spring 2002 by the Cato Institute.

Roger Clarke

XAMAX Consulting

Roger Clarke is a consultant in the management of information and information technology. He works through his own company, Xamax Consultancy Pty Ltd. He has spent over 25 years in the I.T. industry, as professional, manager, consultant and academic.

His work encompasses corporate strategy, government policy and public advocacy, particularly in relation to:

  • electronic commerce;
  • information infrastructure; and
  • privacy and dataveillance.

In 1996 and 1997, he was named by Information Age magazine as one of the 50 most influential people in IT&T in Australia. In 1998, they reduced the list to 10, and he missed the cut.

He is frequently an invited speaker at conferences and seminars, because his presentation style is intentionally iconoclastic and challenging.

He is a prolific author, on a wide range of topics. Recent papers that are in the public domain are linked to from his What's New page.

Roger Cochetti

Senior Vice President and Chief Policy Officer

Roger Cochetti is Senior Vice President and Chief Policy Officer of VeriSign. In that position, he is VeriSign's spokesman to, and liaison with, U.S. and non-U.S. governments, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) and to the Internet and electronic policy communities. Roger joined VeriSign in February of 2000. He is a globally-recognized leader in the field of policy and regulation of electronic commerce.

Before joining VeriSign, Roger Cochetti was Program Director - Internet Policy and Business Planning for IBM Corporation, where he led IBM's global activities in the e-commerce policy field, including such areas as the regulation of content, privacy, taxation, e-mail, and trade on the Internet. Earlier, he had managed the business development activities of IBM's Personal Communications Services unit. From 1981 through 1993, Roger was with Communications Satellite Corporation (COMSAT), where he served as Vice-President-Business Development & Planning for COMSAT Mobile Communications. In that position, he directed the business' strategic planning, pricing, and M&A activities, including major joint ventures in Turkey, Japan, and Malaysia, as well as in several global, satellite consortia. Earlier, he had directed COMSAT's corporate investor and public relations activities. Prior to joining COMSAT, Roger served as an official in the United States Department of State, where he was Assistant Director-Legislative & Public Affairs of the U.S. Development Cooperation Agency (IDCA), the principal Federal agency responsible for US foreign aid programs.

Roger serves on the boards of a variety of Internet-related publications, organizations, and companies, including the ICANN Names Council, the E-Commerce Division of the Information Technology Association of America (ITAA), the Editorial Advisory Board of e-Business World, the Privacy Leadership Initiative, TRUSTe, the Internet Law and Policy Forum, the Internet Education Foundation (the private sector affiliate of the Congressional Internet Caucus) and many others. He is a frequent commentator on e-commerce policy topics.

Roger Cochetti is a graduate of Georgetown University and is the author of a book and numerous articles on Internet and telecommunications topics. He lives with his wife, Mary, and sons, Andrew and Emmett, in Chevy Chase, Maryland.

Cindy Cohn

Legal Director
Electronic Frontier Foundation

Cindy Cohn is the Legal Director and General Counsel of the Electronic Frontier Foundation. EFF has worked to preserve the right to anonymous speech online, including handling In Re, a case that established core legal standards in the 9th Circuit for protecting the identity of online speakers sought by civil subpena and as the maintainer of the John Doe Anonymity section of the, a website that offers a broad range of legal information to those threatened for their online activities. EFF has also focused in the past few years on the challenge to the constitutional rights presented by the broad application of intellectual property laws. In the aftermath of the attacks of September 11, 2001, EFF has returned to its roots, focusing on the issues of government surveillance and other traditional civil liberties online.

Ms. Cohn first became involved with the EFF over 7 years ago, when the EFF asked her to serve as the lead attorney in Bernstein v. Dept. of Justice, the successful federal court challenge to the U.S. export restrictions on cryptography. That case was the first to hold that source code was protected expression subject to protection under the First Amendment. Outside the Courts, Ms. Cohn has testified before Congress, featured in the New York Times for her work on cyberspace issues, interviewed on the BBC, NPR, CNN and CBS News and has been quoted in the Economist, the New York Times, Los Angeles Times, Wall Street Journal, San Jose Mercury News and many other online and offline media outlets.

Ms. Cohn is a graduate of the University of Michigan Law School. She did her undergraduate studies at the University of Iowa and the London School of Economics. For 10 years prior to joining the EFF, she was a civil litigator in private practice. Before starting private practice, she worked for a year at the United Nations Centre for Human Rights in Geneva, Switzerland.

Michael Cornfield

Associate Professor, George Washington University
Research Director, Democracy Online Project

Michael Cornfield is an Associate Research Professor at the Graduate School of Political Management (GSPM) of the George Washington University. He is also Research Director for the Democracy Online Project, a public education and advocacy initiative funded by The Pew Charitable Trusts.

The mission of the Democracy Online Project ( ) is to promote the use of the Internet in ways that uphold democratic values. Cornfield's products for the Project include the pamphlet Online Campaigning: A Primer , a study of how the Internet was used during the 2000 Republican convention, and the book The Civic Web, co-edited with David M. Anderson, to be published in the summer of 2002 by Rowman & Littlefield.

Cornfield writes a monthly column, "The Online Campaigner," for Campaigns and Elections magazine, the leading trade publication for professional politicians. He is interviewed frequently about online politics by the press, and has lectured on the subject at colleges, universities, and association conventions throughout the world. He analyzed the 1996 presidential debates and the nation's first online election (March 2000) on C-SPAN.

A professor at the GSPM since 1994, Cornfield teaches the core course on strategy and message development, and a course on politics and the new media. Cornfield received his Ph.D. in political science from Harvard University. Before coming to George Washington, he taught at the University of Virginia and the College of William and Mary.

He has written on media and politics for a variety of academic and general publications, including The Wilson Quarterly, The Washington Monthly, the Journal of Communication, Political Communication, The Political Standard, Communication Booknotes Quarterly, and the National Civic Review.

Karen Coyle

University of California in the California Digital Library
Computer Professionals for Social Responsibility

Karen Coyle is a librarian with over 20 years experience in digital libraries. She currently works at the University of California in the California Digital Library, which develops the online access system used by libraries on the nine UC campuses. She is a recognized expert in technical issues, such as metadata and information retrieval, as well as social, political and policy issues.

While active in developing computer systems for libraries, she is outspoken about the effects, both negative and positive, electronic information is having on the social role of libraries. She has published numerous articles on practical and policy questions relating to the "new information order." Her book, Coyle's Information Highway Handbook, published by the American Library Association in 1997, describes the effect on libraries of new developments in the areas of privacy, public access, copyright, and information access.

She is active in Computer Professionals for Social Responsibility, a non-profit organization for people concerned with the impact of computer technology on society. Through CPSR she speaks and writes on the effect of computer culture on privacy, intellectual property, social equality and gender image. She is a frequent speaker at conferences and meetings and has been quoted or interviewed in a variety of media.

Lorrie Faith Cranor

Principal Technical Staff Member
AT&T Labs-Research

Dr. Lorrie Faith Cranor is a Principal Technical Staff Member in the Secure Systems Research Department at AT&T Labs-Research Shannon Laboratory in Florham Park, New Jersey. She is chair of the Platform for Privacy Preferences Project (P3P) Specification Working Group at the World Wide Web Consortium. Her research has focused on a variety of areas where technology and policy issues interact, including online privacy, electronic voting, and spam.

Dr. Cranor received her doctorate degree in Engineering & Policy from Washington University in St. Louis in 1996. While in graduate school she helped found Crossroads, the ACM Student Magazine, and served as the publication's editor-in-chief for two years.

Dr. Cranor was chair of the Tenth Conference on Computers Freedom and Privacy (CFP2000) and program committee chair for the 29th Research Conference on Communication, Information and Internet Policy (TPRC 2001). She is frequently invited to speak about online privacy, and in 1998 Internet Magazine named her an unsung hero of the Internet for her work on P3P. In the Spring of 2000 she served on the Federal Trade Commission Advisory Committee on Online Access and Security. She also serves on the editorial boards of the journals ACM Transactions on Internet Technology and The Information Society.

Dr. Cranor has been studying electronic voting systems since 1994. She maintains the e-lection electronic voting mailing list and in 2000 served on the executive committee of a National Science Foundation sponsored Internet voting taskforce.

Dr. Cranor was also a member of the project team that developed the Publius censorship-resistant publishing system. In February 2001, the Publius team was honored by Index on Censorship magazine for the "Best Circumvention of Censorship."

Susan Crawford

Wilmer, Cutler & Pickering

Susan Crawford is a partner with the international law firm of Wilmer, Cutler & Pickering, based in Washington D.C. She has represented registries in the ICANN process (including the National Cooperative Business Association, the Sponsoring Organization for .coop) and has co-written (with David Johnson) the following articles:

  • "The Idea of ICANN" (;
  • "What's Wrong With ICANN -- And How To Fix It" (;
  • "Why Consensus Matters" (;
  • "What ICANN Consensus Should Look Like (; "ICANN 2.0 (

Susan has a regulatory and business counseling practice focused on online companies, with particular expertise in consumer protection, privacy, intellectual property, and third-party content issues. Susan is a member of the California and District of Columbia Bars. Education: Yale (B.A. and J.D.).

Rebecca Daugherty

Director, Freedom of Information Service Center
Reporters Committee for the Freedom of the Press

Rebecca Daugherty has been the Freedom of Information Service Center Director at the Reporters Committee for Freedom of the Press since 1987, regularly helping reporters and others who encounter problems in gaining access to government information. She is the editor of "Tapping Officials' Secrets," a 50-state and District of Columbia compendium of open records and open meetings laws which is now in its fourth edition. She also is the editor of the Reporters Committee's "How to Use the Federal FOI Act."

In 2001 she was inducted into the National Freedom of Information Hall of Fame. She serves on the Freedom of Information Committee of Investigative Reporters and Editors and on the board of the American Society of Access Professionals where she is a past president. She has been a newspaper copy editor and reporter and spent several years with the U.S. Department of Interior. She holds bachelor's and masters degrees in Journalism from the University of Missouri and a Juris Doctorate from the University of Missouri-Kansas City.

Alan Davidson

Associate Director
Center for Democracy and Technology

Alan Davidson is Staff Counsel at the Center for Democracy and Technology (CDT), a Washington D.C. non-profit group working to promote civil liberties and human rights on the Internet and other new digital media. Mr. Davidson is currently leading CDT's new project to promote democratic values and individual rights within emerging Internet governance, domain name management, and technical standards bodies. He also leads CDT's Internet free expression and wireless privacy projects, and has testified before Congress, written, and spoken widely on the civil liberties implications of U.S. encryption policies and other Internet policy issues.

Mr. Davidson works broadly on issues relating to Internet policy including free speech and censorship, broadband access, Internet governance and standard-setting, and wireless privacy. In 1996-97 Mr. Davidson took part in CDT's victorious and precedent-setting challenge to the Communications Decency Act at the U.S. Supreme Court in ACLU v. Reno. His other research interests lie generally in the areas of civil liberties and the special problems posed by the interaction of technology, public policy, and the law.

Mr. Davidson was a computer scientist before joining the legal profession. A graduate of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, he received an S.B. in Mathematics and Computer Science and an S.M. in Technology and Policy. Mr. Davidson worked as a Senior Consultant at Booz-Allen & Hamilton, designing the information systems for NASA's Space Station Freedom Project. He has also worked on technology and policy issues at the U.S. Congress Office of Technology Assessment and for the White House Office of Policy Development.

Mr. Davidson attended law school at Yale, where he was Symposium Editor of the Yale Law Journal. He remains active in MIT alumni affairs, and recently completed a 4-year term as a Trustee of the MIT Corporation.

Mary Ann Davidson

Director of Security Product Management
Oracle Corporation

Mary Ann Davidson is the Director of Security Product Management at Oracle Corporation where she has product management responsibilities for the Oracle9I database and application servers, as well as formal security evaluations, assessments and incident handling. She represents Oracle on the Board of Directors of the Information Technology Information Security Analysis Center (IT-ISAC) and is on the editorial review board of the Secure Business Quarterly.

Davidson served as a commissioned officer in the U.S. Navy Civil Engineer Corps. She holds a BSME from the University of Virginia and her MBA from the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania.

Simon Davies

Founder and Director
Privacy International

Simon is the founder and Director of Privacy International. He is also a Visiting Fellow in the Department of Information Systems at the London School of Economics. His work in the field of privacy spans fifteen years, and encompasses such issues as national security, law enforcement, financial privacy and genetics.

Ron Davis

Oakland Police Department

Captain Ronald Davis is the President & CEO of Expert Services (DES). He is a Captain of Police with the Oakland Police Department with over 16 years of experience, ranging from patrol, narcotics and SWAT to Police Academy Director and Area Commander.

Captain Davis is the Region Vice President of the National Organization of Black Law Enforcement Executives (NOBLE). He is the chair of the NOBLE National Task on Racial Profiling, and a member of the Race Relations Committee of the National Commission on Police Integrity.

Captain Davis is recognized as one of the nation's leading law enforcement experts on racial profiling and bias-based policing and police accountability.

Captain Davis developed the first Bias-Based Policing training course in the country and authored the original article, "Bias-Based Policing". He is the author of the NOBLE Report on Racial Profiling and the original architect of the bias-based policing concept, which has been widely adopted throughout the United States.

Captain Davis has presented bias-based policing training in 12 states to over 3,500 law enforcement executives and government officials, including members of the United States House of Representatives, the United States Senate, and the National Conference of State Legislature. He has testified as an expert at the United States Senate Judiciary Committee hearings on racial profiling.

Captain Davis has been cited in hundreds of news articles across the country and featured in JET Magazine, the Associated Press (AP), and on Black Entertainment Television (BET). Captain Davis' bias-based policing training program was featured on Court TV in February 2002.

Jason Dearen

Columbia University

Jason Dearen is a journalist and writer, currently working on a proposal for his first book--a modern history of voting fraud in the U.S. At present, he is attending Columbia University's Graduate School of Journalism. Formerly, Mr. Dearen served as the News Editor for He has written about the arts, technology, and politics, including the 2000 Presidential race, the 2001 New York mayoral race, and the anti-globalization protest movement.

Daralyn Durie

Keker & Vannest

Ms. Durie graduated from Boalt Hall School of Law at the University of California at Berkeley in 1992. She received her undergraduate degree from Stanford University in 1988, majoring in human biology and comparative literature, and received a Masters Degree in Comparative Literature from U.C. Berkeley in 1989.

Following law school, Daralyn clerked for the Honorable Douglas Ginsberg on the United States Court of Appeal for the District of Columbia Circuit. She then began work at Keker & Van Nest as an associate, and became a partner of the firm in January 1999.

James X. Dempsey

Deputy Director
Center for Democracy and Technology

James X. Dempsey is Deputy Director of the Center for Democracy and Technology and Policy Director for CDT's international project, the Global Internet Policy Initiative (GIPI). Jim is a leading expert on the legal and policy issues concerning wiretapping, electronic surveillance, and government access to data. Prior to joining CDT, Jim was Deputy Director of the Center for National Security Studies. From 1995 to 1996, he also served as special counsel to the National Security Archive, a non-governmental organization that uses the Freedom of Information Act to gain the declassification of documents on the U.S. foreign policy. From 1985 to 1994, Jim was assistant counsel to the House Judiciary Subcommittee on Civil and Constitutional Rights. His primary areas of responsibility for the Subcommittee were oversight of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, privacy and civil liberties. He worked on issues at the intersection of national security and constitutional rights, including terrorism, electronic surveillance, criminal procedure issues, and information privacy. Jim is author of several articles on Internet policy, including Communications Privacy In The Digital Age: Revitalizing The Federal Wiretap Laws To Enhance Privacy, and co-author of the recently revised and updated (2002) book Terrorism & the Constitution: Sacrificing Civil Liberties in the Name of National Security (with Prof. David Cole of Georgetown law school).

Sarah Deutsch

Vice President & Associate General Counsel
Verizon Communications

Chief attorney for Verizon Communications on global Internet policy issues, including liability, privacy, intellectual property policy and Internet jurisdiction. Currently represents Verizon on a host of domestic and international Internet issues ranging from digital rights management, the Hague Convention, Council of Europe Cybercrime Convention, Europe's E-Commerce and Copyright Directives, ICANN Internet governance and domain name issues, and all U.S. Internet legislation.

Selected by U.S. Commissioner of Patents and Trademarks to serve as Private Sector Advisor to the U.S. Delegation to the World Intellectual Property Organization 1996 Conference on the WIPO Copyright Treaties. Served as one of five negotiators for the U.S. telecommunications industry in negotiations, which resulted in the passage of the Digital Millenium Copyright Act.

Formerly Vice President & Chief Intellectual Property Counsel for Bell Atlantic (now Verizon) responsible for large intellectual property practice, including registration and enforcement of patents, trademarks and copyrights worldwide and related policy.

Elizabeth Echols

OpNet Community Ventures, Inc.

Elizabeth Echols is CEO of OpNet Community Ventures, Inc. Prior to joining OpNet, she held several senior positions in the Clinton White House and Commerce Department where she was responsible for developing and implementing Internet and telecommunications policy. Ms. Echols is an experienced businesswoman and attorney, having worked as an investment banker at Morgan Stanley and in private law practice before joining the Clinton Administration. She is a graduate of Stanford Law School and Yale University.

Mark Eckenwiler

Senior Counsel at the Computer Crime and Intellectual Property Section, Criminal Division
U.S. Department of Justice

Mark Eckenwiler is the Senior Counsel at the Computer Crime and Intellectual Property Section, Criminal Division of the U.S. Department of Justice. His areas of expertise include ECPA and federal wiretap law, computer search and seizure, and computer intrusion investigations. A Net veteran for more than 15 years, he writes and lectures frequently about the Internet and criminal law (including presentations at CFP98, CFP99, and CFP2000, and recent talks for NANOG and Usenix audiences). Mark holds an A.B. cum laude from Harvard (1982), an M.A. in Classics (Ancient Greek) from Boston University (1986), and a J.D. cum laude from New York University School of Law (1991).

Magda Escobar

Plugged In

Magda Escobar is the Executive Director of Plugged In, a community technology center located in East Palo Alto, California, a low-income community in the heart of Silicon Valley. Established in 1992, Plugged In operates four programs: a drop-in community production studio, an arts and technology program for children, a web design business run by teenagers, and a community network. Plugged In's mission is to ensure that everyone in East Palo Alto has the opportunity to fully benefit from the technological revolution. Plugged In is the recipient of the 1996 National Information Infrastructure Award for Public Service and was a finalist for the 1997 Computerworld/Smithsonian Award. In April 2000, President Clinton visited Plugged In and highlighted it as a national model for bridging the digital divide during his third "New Markets Tour."

Magda graduated from Stanford in 1992. She started her career as a Team Leader at City Year Boston where she worked in early childhood education. She was a consultant to the Commission on National and Community Service researching effective models for delivering technical assistance and training to national service programs around the country. She continued her non-profit work as the National Program Director at Public Allies in Washington DC. While there, she helped expand the program from two to six cities across the United States.

Magda is on the Board of Directors of Joint Venture Silicon Valley, the Advisory Council of Our Schools, Our Media, and the Board of Directors of Sea-Change. Magda is a 2001 Center for Social Innovation Fellow at the Stanford Graduate School of Business and was named one of Ms. magazine's 2001 Women of the Year.

Alex Fowler

Senior Director of Policy and Advocacy
Zero Knowledge Systems

Alex Fowler is the Senior Director of Policy and Advocacy for Zero-Knowledge Systems (ZKS), a software company developing privacy-enabling technologies for corporations and citizens. He has over ten years of professional experience working on issues at the nexus of science, technology, and society. Alex joined ZKS from the Electronic Frontier Foundation, an internationally recognized online civil liberties organization, where he was the Vice President of Strategic Initiatives. Before that, he spent most of the 1990s working on encryption, anonymity, privacy, and intellectual property issues for the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the world's largest scientific federation and the publisher of Science magazine. At ZKS, Alex represents the company on policy matters in the US, and directs its partnerships with major consulting and audit firms. Outside of ZKS, Alex co-founded and is the chairman of Geneforum, a nonprofit organization promoting public dialogue and education about genetics. Alex received his graduate degree in science, technology and public policy at George Washington University, and his undergraduate degree in bioethics from Brown University. He can be reached at

Gregory Fowler, Ph.D.

Founder and Executive Director

Gregory Fowler, Ph.D., the founder and executive director of Geneforum, is a Clinical Associate Professor of Public Health in the Department of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Oregon Health Sciences University, Portland, Oregon. An Ethics and Values in Science and Technology grant from the National Science Foundation and the National Endowment for the Humanities in 1985 for him to study the ethics of human genetic engineering planted the seed for what has become Geneforum. As a Chautauqua Scholar for the Oregon Council for the Humanities, he lectures and writes on the subjects of science education, the societal implications of science and technology, and participatory democracy. He is Oregon's only Fellow of the World Academy of Art and Science, and can be reached at

Carrie Gardner, Ph.D.,

Outgoing Chair of the American Library Association Intellectual Freedom Committee subcommittee on Privacy

Carrie Gardner has been chair of the Pennsylvania School Librarians Association Intellectual Freedom Committee for over 10 years. She is also the chair of the American Association of School Librarians Intellectual Freedom Committee and the American Library Association Intellectual Freedom Round Table. She is the past chair of the American Library Association Intellectual Freedom Committee Sub Committee on Privacy. During the time she was chair of the Privacy sub-committee, the organization began the process of writing association policy regarding the privacy of patrons' personally identifiable information and their use of information in libraries.

Dan Gillmor

Technology Columnist
San Jose Mercruy News

Dan Gillmor is technology columnist for the San Jose Mercury News, Silicon Valley's daily newspaper. He also writes a daily Web-based column for, a site that is an online affiliate of the Mercury News. His column runs in many other U.S. newspapers, and he appears regularly on radio and television including National Public Radio's Morning Edition and CNN. He has been listed by industry publications as among the most influential journalists in his field.

Beth Givens

Privacy Rights Clearinghouse

Beth Givens is founder and director of the Privacy Rights Clearinghouse, a nonprofit advocacy, research and consumer education program located in San Diego, California. The Clearinghouse was established in 1992 with funding from the California Public Utilities Commission's Telecommunications Education Trust. It is a project of the Utility Consumers' Action Network, a nonprofit organization which advocates for consumers' interests regarding telecommunications, energy and the Internet.

The Clearinghouse maintains a complaint/information hotline on informational privacy issues, the only one of its kind in the country. It publishes a series of guides on a variety of informational privacy issues. Topics include Internet privacy, credit reporting, identity theft, telemarketing, medical records, workplace privacy, unsolicited mail, government records, children's online privacy, among others. These publications, along with other materials, are available on the Internet at the Web address

Givens frequently speaks and conducts workshops on the issue of privacy, and has participated in numerous media interviews including 60 Minutes, 48 Hours, Good Morning America, Court TV, NBC Evening News, and the major U.S. daily newspapers. She has testified on privacy-related public policy concerns before the U.S. Senate, the California Legislature, the California Public Utilities Commission, the National Telecommunications and Information Administration, the U.S. Comptroller of the Currency, and the Federal Trade Commission. She has served as an expert witness in privacy and identity theft cases.

In addition, Givens has been a member of several task forces studying the privacy impacts of technology on society, including: the Justice Management Institute's Electronic Court Records Advisory Committee, the Task Force on Criminal Records Identity Theft, California Legislature's Joint Task Force on Personal Information and Privacy; the California Judicial Council's Subcommittee on Privacy and Access; the Internet Policy Committee of the San Diego Public Library, and the Mayor of San Diego's City of the Future Task Force. She also serves on the U.S. Census Advisory Committee. Many of Givens' speeches and testimony can be found on the PRC website,, under "Speeches&Testimony."

The Privacy Rights Clearinghouse is a 2000 award recipient from The Foundation for Improvement of Justice for its work in assisting victims of identity theft. She estimates she has counseled at least 4,000 such victims. Givens is a recipient of the 2000 Privacy International Brandeis Award. She is the author of The Privacy Rights Handbook: How to Take Control of Your Personal Information (Avon Books, 1997). She is co-author of Privacy Piracy: A Guide to Protecting Yourself from Identity Theft. Givens is also co-author and editor of the PRC's fact sheets (24 publications to date). She is author of Citizens' Utility Boards: Because Utilities Bear Watching (1991). And she is co-author of The California Channel: A New Public Affairs Television Channel for the State (1989), a two-year study on the feasibility of a C-SPAN-like network for state government.

Givens holds a master's degree in communications management from the Annenberg School for Communication, University of Southern California (1987). She has a background in library and information services, with experience in online research services and library network development (M.L.S., University of Denver, 1975).

Mike Godwin

Policy Fellow
Center for Democracy & Technology

Mike Godwin has had extensive involvement with the legal and social issues affecting cyberspace, serving as the first Staff Counsel for the Electronic Frontier Foundation, where he informed users of electronic networks about their legal rights and responsibilities, instructed criminal lawyers and law-enforcement personnel about computer civil-liberties issues, and conducted seminars about civil liberties in electronic communication for a wide range of groups. In addition to contributing to CDT's work as Policy Fellow, Mike also currently serves as Chief Correspondent at IP Worldwide, a publication of American Lawyer Media, and as a columnist for American Lawyer magazine. Godwin's articles for print and electronic publications on topics such as electronic searches and seizures, the First Amendment & electronic publications, and the application of international law to computer communications have appeared in the Whole Earth Review, The Quill, Index on Censorship, Internet World, WIRED, HotWired, Time, Reason, and Playboy.

Dr. Ian Goldberg

Chief Scientist
Zero Knowledge Systems

Ian Goldberg is internationally recognized as one of the world's leading cryptographers and cypherpunks. Ian was a founding member of Berkeley's Internet Security, Applications, Authentication and Cryptography group. In addition to developing many of the leading network software titles for the Palm Pilot, Ian is known for his part in breaking the first RSA Secret Key Challenge in three and a half hours, Netscape's implementation of the encryption system SSL, the cryptography in the GSM celllular phone standard, and the security protocols of the 802.11 wireless networking standard. In November 1998, Wired magazine selected Ian as one of the "Wired 25"--the twenty-five people who in 1998 are "about to change the rules all over again."

Megan Gray

Senior Counsel and Internet Public Interest Opportunities Program Director
Electronic Privacy Information Center

Megan E. Gray is Senior Counsel and Internet Public Interest Opportunities Program Director with the Electronic Privacy Information Center in Washington, DC. She has extensive experience in litigating online anonymity cases. She was the first to represent a "Doe" in a case where a motion to quash was used to prevent the identification of an anonymous online speaker. Prior to joining EPIC, Megan was an attorney with Baker and Hostetler where she concentrated on Media Law and Internet and Technology Law. She received her J.D. and M.A. in Public Affairs from the University of Texas in Austin.

Robin D. Gross

Intellectual Property Attorney
Electronic Frontier Foundation

Robin D. Gross is an intellectual property attorney with the Electronic Frontier Foundation, a leading cyber-liberties organization ( She specializes in intellectual property policy and digital music legal issues and serves as Director of EFF's Campaign for Audiovisual Free Expression (CAFÉ), which she launched in June of 1999 to explore the interaction of intellectual property and freedom of expression in a digital world. Ms. Gross frequently speaks and publishes on cyberspace legal issues such as digital copyright, the MP3 and DeCSS legal wars, and has testified before the U.S. Copyright Office on the dangers to freedom of expression presented by the anti-circumvention provisions of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA).

The editors of the legal newspaper, Daily Journal, selected Ms. Gross as one of California’s “Top Ten Most Influential Attorneys in 2001” for her work to advance digital free expression. In 2001 she developed the EFF's Open Audio License that allows musicians to release music and other recordings that expressly permit public sharing in exchange for artist credit. A 1998 graduate of Santa Clara University’s High Technology Law Program, Ms. Gross is licensed to practice law in California. During law school she co-founded Virtual Recordings ( an electronic music Web site with her musician husband. A Michigan native, she graduated from Michigan State University’s James Madison College in 1995 with degrees in political philosophy and international relations. She can be reached at

Ernie Hawkins

Director of Voter Registration and Elections
Sacramento, California

Ernie Hawkins is the Director of Voter Registration and Elections and the Department of Revenue Recovery in Sacramento, California. He has been the Election's Director for 22 years and has been with the County for 37 years.

Ernie has held numerous positions with The Election Center and has been on its Board of Directors since its inception. He has chaired the Board for the last 11 years. He is also their Conference Programming Director.

Ernie has also served in various capacities with the National Association of Clerks Recorders and Election Officials, an affiliate of The National Association of Counties. He was NACRC's President last year. He currently serves on the Board of Directors for both organizations.

Ernie is also actively involved in the California Association of Clerks andElection Officials. He has been its Elections Legislative Chair or Co-chair since 1981. He also chairs their Conference Planning Committee.

He has served on numerous committees and task forces with the California Secretary of State. He has been a frequent consultant and speaker on Election Reform including having co-chaired the NACo/NACRC Election Reform Commission, which published its recommendations in 2001.

He has served on the Federal Election Commission's Advisory Panel since 1998 and was a member of the CERUS Steering Committee for the International Foundation for Election Systems in 2001. He also currently serves on the Advisory Board for Electionline.

Ernie served on the California Voter Foundation's Advisory Board and was on its Board of Directors in 1996 and 1997.

Ernie holds both a BS and MBA from California State University in Sacramento, is a Certified Public Official with a concentration in Elections Administration and is a Certified Election and Registration Administrator. Hawkins was named Election Administrator of the Year in 1990 and in July of 2000 was inducted into the Election Hall of Fame (only one of two individuals to be so honored nation-wide).

Jim Harper

Founder and Editor

Jim Harper is the founder and Editor of, a Web-based privacy policy think-tank. He is also the Principal of Information Age public policy consulting firm PolicyCounsel.Com and an Adjunct Fellow with the Progress and Freedom Foundation and a member of the Advisory Committee to the Congressional Internet Caucus. A California lawyer, Harper has served as counsel to committees in the U. S. House and the U.S. Senate. He regularly speaks and writes on privacy and other topics at the intersection of policy and technology. Along with countless writings and quotes in the trade and popular press, Harper has published articles in the Administrative Law Review, the Minnesota Law Review, and the Hastings Constitutional Law Quarterly. Harper earned his bachelor’s degree in political science at the University of California, Santa Barbara. At Hastings College of the Law, he served as Editor-in-Chief of the Hastings Constitutional Law Quarterly.

Frank G. Hausmann

Chairman and CEO

Frank G. Hausmann, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of CenterSpan Communications Corporation, has brought an established record of leadership success to his tenure at CenterSpan. Before joining the company in 1998, Mr. Hausmann was Vice President, Finance and Chief Financial Officer of Atlas Telecom, Inc., a developer of enhanced facsimile and voice mail solutions. From 1995 to 1997, he served as Vice President, Corporate Development and General Counsel of Diamond Multimedia Systems, Inc., a designer and marketer of computer peripherals such as modems and graphics and sound cards. Prior to joining Diamond, Mr. Hausmann was Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer for Supra Corporation, a designer and marketer of modems that was acquired by Diamond Multimedia Systems, Inc. in 1995. Mr. Hausmann holds B.S. degrees in Economics and Political Science from Willamette University and a J.D. degree from the University of Oregon. He is a member of the Oregon State Bar.

Mary Henderson

Executive Director HIPAA Program
Kaiser Permanente

Mary Henderson is the Executive Director of Kaiser Permanente's National HIPAA Program. Mary was appointed to her position after leading Kaiser Permanente's successful Year 2000 project. Her roles at KP have included managing application development and maintenance organizations; and internal consulting in the areas of health plan benefits, clinical quality, information systems planning, and strategic planning. Prior to joining Kaiser Permanente in 1987, Mary was a consulting manager for Arthur Andersen & Company (now Accenture). She holds Master's degrees in Business Administration and Public Health from the UC Berkeley and a Bachelor's degree in Economics from Harvard College.

Dewayne Hendricks

Chief Executive Officer
Dandin Group

Dewayne Hendricks is CEO of Dandin Group, Inc., a Fremont, CA-based company which does research and product development in the area of broadband wired and wireless data devices and services, and serves as a member of the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) Technological Advisory Council (TAC; see ). Dewayne previously worked as General Manager of the Wireless Business Unit for Com21, Inc., and as Co-Principal Investigator on the National Science Foundation Wireless Field Tests for Education project.

Dewayne was formerly co-founder and CEO of Tetherless Access Ltd., one of the first companies to develop and deploy Part 15 unlicensed wireless metropolitan area data networks using TCP/IP protocols. He has participated in the installation of such networks throughout the world, including Kenya, Tonga, Mexico, Canada and Mongolia.

Dewayne has been involved with radio since his teens when he received his amateur radio operator's license. He holds official positions in several non-profit national amateur radio organizations and is a director of the Wireless Communications Alliance, an industry group which represents manufacturers in the unlicensed radio industry.

In 1986 Dewayne ported the popular KA9Q Internet Protcol package to the Macintosh, which lets Macs be used in packet-radio networks. Today, thousands of amateur radio operators worldwide use NET/Mac to take part in the global packet-radio Internet developed and deployed by the amateur radio service.

Lance Hoffman

George Washington University
Chair of the Steering Committee of the ACM Conference on Computers, Freedom, and Privacy

Dr. Lance J. Hoffman is Professor of Computer Science at The George Washington University in Washington, D. C., where he is in charge of the computer security graduate program in computer science. He is the author or editor of five books and numerous articles on computer security and privacy. He founded the School of Engineering's Cyberspace Policy Institute.

A Fellow of the Association for Computing Machinery and a senior member of the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE), Dr. Hoffman recently served on the Advisory Committee on Online Access and Security of the Federal Trade Commission. He heads the Steering Committee of the ACM Conference on Computers, Freedom, and Privacy and sits on a number of Advisory Committees including those of the Center for Democracy and Technology, IBM Research's Privacy Institute, and Riptech.

His research interests include Internet voting and privacy policies for electronic commerce, and his recent teaching innovations include multidisciplinary courses on electronic commerce and information warfare.

Chris Hoofnagle

Legislative Counsel
Electronic Privacy Information Center

Chris Jay Hoofnagle is legislative counsel with the Electronic Privacy Information Center, where he concentrates on governmental and commercial privacy issues. Chris tracks legislation on privacy and Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) issues, is the webmaster of, and has filed numerous FOIA requests to focus public attention on government collection of personal information. His recent work has focused on public records and privacy, gender issues and privacy, workplace privacy, government and commercial profiling, and the privacy implications of emerging technologies such as ENUM and Digital Rights Management. Chris serves on the advisory boards of the Conference on Computers, Freedom, and Privacy and the Big Brother Awards.

Peter Hope-Tindall

Chief Privacy Architect
dataPrivacy Partners

Peter Hope-Tindall is Chief Privacy Architect with dataPrivacy Partners Ltd., a Toronto based Privacy Consulting firm. Mr. Hope-Tindall is former Special Advisor to the Information and Privacy Commissioner of the Government of Ontario. His professional practice focuses on privacy policy formulation, legislation and the design of privacy protective systems incorporating biometrics, cryptography and other advanced technologies. In April 1998, Mr. Hope-Tindall was one of a handful of experts from across Canada invited to participate in the National Cryptography Policy Round Table, which ultimately provided the strategic direction for Canad's cryptography policy. Mr. Hope-Tindall recently completed an engagement as Privacy Architect to the Ontario Smart Card Project.

Gus Hosein

London School of Economics

Gus Hosein is a specialist in international co-operation amongst law enforcement agencies. He is a Visiting Fellow in the Department of Information Systems at the London School of Economics and Political Science. He is also a Senior Fellow at Privacy International. For more information please see

Martin Huddart

General Manager, Ingersoll-Rand's Recognition Systems Inc. (RSI)
Vice-Chair, International Biometric Industry Association

Martin Huddart is the General Manager of Ingersoll-Rand's Recognition Systems Inc. (RSI) business unit.

A part of IR's Security & Safety Sector, Recognition Systems is the world's leading provider of biometric solutions, with more than 60,000 of its innovative handreaders protecting employees in airports, government facilities, office buildings, and other critical installations across the globe. Recognition Systems is a founder member International Biometric Industry Association, where Martin currently serves as the Vice-Chair.

Larry Irving

Irving Group

Larry Irving is the President of the Irving Information Group, a consulting firm providing strategic planning and market development services to international telecommunications and information technology companies. Prior to forming the Irving Information Group, in October 1999, Mr. Irving served for almost seven years as Assistant Secretary of Commerce for Communications and Information, where he was a principal advisor to the President, Vice President and Secretary of Commerce on domestic and international communications and information policy issues and supervised programs that award grants to extend the reach of advanced telecommunications technologies to under served areas.

As a member of the Clinton Administration's technology team, Mr. Irving played an integral role in developing the Administration's Electronic Commerce, National Information Infrastructure and Global Information Infrastructure initiatives. He was a point person in the Administration's successful efforts to reform the United States' telecommunications law, which resulted in the passage of the Telecommunications Act of 1996 -- the most sweeping change in America's telecommunications law in 60 years.

Mr. Irving is widely credited with coining the term "the digital divide" and informing the American public about the growing problem it represents. He initiated and was the principal author of the landmark Federal survey, Falling Through the Net, which tracks access to telecommunications and information technologies, including telephones, computers and the Internet, across racial, economic, and geographic lines. Mr. Irving also was a key proponent in the Clinton-Gore Administration of policies to protect the diversity of voices in the commercial broadcast arena and to promote increased opportunities for minorities, women and rural Americans in the emerging digital economy.

Seth Lesser

Bernstien Litowitz, Berger and Grossman

Seth R. Lesser is a partner at Bernstein Litowitz Berger & Grossmann LLP, a nationally recognized firm specializing in complex class action lawsuits and other contingency fee matters and that has offices in New York, California and New Jersey.

He received his B.A., summa cum laude, from Princeton University in 1983, where he was Phi Beta Kappa, a Ph.D. from Oxford University in Modern History in 1985, where he was a Marshall Scholar, and a J.D., magna cum laude, from Harvard Law School in 1988.

In the Internet privacy area, Mr. Lesser has been involved as lead counsel or co-lead counsel in almost all the leading Internet privacy class actions, including the Amazon-Alexa and Doubleclick cases which settled as well the ongoing RealNetworks, AvenueA, Pharmatrak cases and other litigations. He has also handled several individual cases for and provided advice to business clients on Internet privacy issues.

Mr. Lesser is a member of the ABA's Consumer and Personal Rights Committee and the New York City Bar Association's Federal Courts Committee. He recently served as the representative of the American Counsel on Consumer Interests to the United Nations, where the ACCI is an accredited Non-Governmental Organization. He has written a number of articles on consumer law issues for publications of the American Bar Association and The New York Law Journal, for whom he writes an annual review on New York's consumer protection statute. He has chaired and spoken in programs before the American Bar Association, other lawyers' groups and the PLI as well as business groups and other groups on consumer and corporate litigation issues, including Internet privacy law and litigation.

BAR ADMISSIONS: Admitted to Bar, 1988, New Jersey. 1988, U.S. District Court, District of New Jersey. 1989, New York. 1989, U.S. District Court, Eastern District of New York. 1989, Southern District of New York. 1990, U.S. District Court, District of Columbia. 1994, U.S. Court of Appeals, District of Columbia. 1997, U.S. Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit. 1997, U.S. Court of Appeals, Tenth Circuit. 1998, U.S. Supreme Court. 1998, U.S. Court of Appeals, Second Circuit. 2001, U.S. Court of Appeals, Sixth Circuit.

Marc Levine

Senior Product Manager

Marc Levine is Senior Product Manager for Benetech, a nonprofit technology company based in the Silicon Valley. Benetech is developing Martus (, a software solution to help NGOs monitor human rights violations with tools to organize, safeguard and disseminate information using encryption technology. In 2001, Marc conducted extensive field research in Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Russia and Guatemala to study the technology needs of grassroots human rights activists. Marc holds an MA in National Security Affairs from the Naval Postgraduate School.

Paul Levy

Staff Attorney
Public Citizen Litigation Group

Paul Alan Levy has been a staff attorney at Public Citizen Litigation Group for nearly twenty-five years, specializing in rank-and-file labor law and, more recently, in Internet free speech issues. After being graduated from Reed College and the University of Chicago Law School, he clerked for Wade H. McCree, Jr. on the United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit, and was Special Assistant to the Solicitor General of the United States before joining the Litigation Group in 1977. He has argued four cases in the Supreme Court of the United States and scores of cases in the United States Courts of Appeals (three of them en banc), and has appeared in numerous other state and federal courts. He was a visiting professor at Cardozo Law School in 1983-1984. He is on the Board of Directors of the Association for Union Democracy and on the Steering Committee of the Labor and Employment Committee of the National Lawyers Guild. His amicus brief in the case of Dendrite v. Doe,! 342 N.J. Super. 134, 775 A.2d 756 (App. Div. 2001), helped set the legal and evidentiary standards that plaintiffs must satisfy before compelling the identification of anonymous Internet speakers. A list of his publications can be found at

Jessica Litman

Wayne State University Law School

Jessica Litman is Professor of Law at Wayne State University in Detroit, Michigan, where she teaches courses in copyright law, Internet law, and trademarks and unfair competition. She is the author of the recently published book Digital Copyright (Prometheus Books 2001), and the coauthor with Jane Ginsburg and Mary Lou Kevlin of a casebook on Trademarks and Unfair Competition Law (Foundation Press 2001). She has published many articles on intellectual property. Litman has testified before Congress and before the White House Information Infrastructure Task Force's Working Group on Intellectual Property. She is a past trustee of the Copyright Society of the USA and a past Chair of the American Association of Law Schools Section on Intellectual Property. Litman serves on the National Research Council's Committee on Partnerships in Weather and Climate Services and on the Advisory Board for the Public Knowledge organization. She has served on the program committee for the Telecommunications Policy Research Conference. She is a member of the Intellectual Property and Internet Committee of the ACLU, and the advisory board of Cyberspace Law Abstracts.

Bill Lockyer

Attorney General
State of California

Bill Lockyer is California's 30th Attorney General. He was elected in November 1998 and assumed this statewide office in January of 1999.

A veteran legislator, he was first elected to the State Assembly in 1973 to represent the East San Francisco Bay Area. He moved to the Senate in 1982. Twelve years later, in 1994, he was elected President Pro Tem of the California Senate by his fellow Senators. He served previously as Chair of the Senate Judiciary Committee for nine years, overseeing numerous bills on judicial administration and civil and criminal law.

A native of Oakland, Mr. Lockyer is a graduate of the University of California at Berkeley and received a secondary teaching credential from California State University at Hayward. He was awarded his law degree from McGeorge School of Law in Sacramento while serving in the Senate.

Mr. Lockyer was named "Legislator of the Year" in 1996 by the California Planning and Conservation League for work on environmental protection. He received the same honor from the California Journal in 1997 for all-around legislative excellence. As a Senator, Mr. Lockyer was instrumental in passage of hundreds of laws toughening California criminal laws, protecting civil rights, enacting tax reforms and enhancing education quality and school safety.

Tim Lordan

Staff Counsel
Internet Education Foundation

Mr. Lordan serves as staff counsel for the Internet Education Foundation (IEF), a non-partisan, non-profit 501(c)(3) organization, dedicated to educating the public and policy makers about the potential of a decentralized global Internet to promote democracy, communications and commerce. Mr. Lordan joined the IEF in 1999 as the first permanent staff member. The IEF assists the efforts of the Congressional Internet Caucus Advisory Committee in educating Congress about the Internet and related policy issues. Mr. Lordan helps coordinate those Internet Caucus Advisory Committee initiatives as well as other public education activities regarding the Internet. Last year, Lordan helped develop and launch the GetNetWise "one-click" parental empowerment resource and is currently working on coordinating a "State of the Net" policy conference here in Washington designed to measure the success of the Internet -- in cultural, socio-political and economic terms.

Since graduating from law school in 1995, Mr. Lordan has amassed a broad range of experience in law, public policy, media relations and political strategizing. Prior to joining the IEF Mr. Lordan served as deputy policy counsel for the Internet Alliance, a Washington-based industry trade association. Mr. Lordan's other posts include: Edelman Public Relations Worldwide, full time consultant for AT&T's Law and Government Affairs Department and WGBH Educational Foundation. A graduate of Suffolk University Law School in Boston, Massachusetts, Mr. Lordan currently resides in Washington, DC.

Fran Maier

Executive Director

Fran Maier is the Executive Director of TRUSTe, a nonprofit organization widely known for its award-winning Internet privacy seal program. Joining the organization in the summer of 2001, Ms. Maier oversees all aspects of TRUSTe's operations, setting the overall strategic vision and growth of the organization.

Ms. Maier brings to TRUSTe significant leadership experience in marketing, management and operations. From senior executive positions at both online and brick-and-mortar companies, Fran has an in-depth understanding of how traditional and Internet marketing strategies impact consumer privacy. Through her experience, she has helped companies understand the intersection of marketing and privacy, while fueling organizational growth through corporate strategy, brand building, business development and sales.

Before joining TRUSTe, Maier served as Vice President of Marketing for, Kmart's online joint venture with Softbank Venture Capital. At, Fran integrated Kmart's advertising, database, and in-store assets to establish and grow the company's free ISP, reaching more than four million subscribers in less than 9 months - the fastest growth of any ISP ever.

Fran has also served as Senior Vice President of Marketing and Business Development at While at, Fran leveraged major television and print media campaigns combined with strategic partnerships to build the brand, generate traffic to the company Web site, and support extensive revenue growth. Prior to, Fran was Vice President and General Manager at, where she established the company as the leading online singles community. She also held management positions at Northern California's AAA affiliate and at the Clorox Company.

Fran has spoken at numerous industry conferences and writes extensively on the subjects of marketing online brands and marketing to women. Ms. Maier holds an MBA and BA from Stanford University. She lives with her husband and two sons in Alameda, California.

Heather Mansfield


Founder of, Heather Mansfield has over ten years of nonprofit, community organizing experience. Study abroad programs led her to Mexico where she lived with a Mayan community to study Mayan anthropology and to Chile where she interned with the Youth Socialist Party.

After college Heather moved to Washington, DC where she worked by day at the Pew Center for Civic Journalism. By night and on the weekends she volunteered with the Guatemala Human Rights Commission. Inspired by their work and eager to get out of "the Beltway," she then went to Guatemala where she volunteered with a school for street children called Nino Obrero.

Upon returning to the United States, Heather moved to San Francisco. She volunteered with Global Exchange to do community outreach in the summer of 1999 on the Lilith Fair music festival.

She launched on July 23, 2000. With the help of dedicated volunteers, she is making a concentrated effort to provide a voice to the global community to hold governments and corporations accountable for their actions via Internet activism and participation.

Raised on both a small dairy farm in Missouri and in the beach communities of Southern California, Heather graduated with honors from UCLA in 1996 with a B.A. in Political Science. She has backpacked through 18 countries in Latin America and Europe. An avid portraiture photographer of poor children and their families, she has given away over 2,000 photographs taken on her travels in Latin America in an effort to provide lasting childhood memories to children who otherwise could not afford them.

Heather currently works as Outreach Director at International Development Exchange, a nonprofit organization in San Francisco that works on grassroots international development issues.

Jason Mark

Communications Director
Global Exchange

Jason Mark, a San Francisco-based freelance writer, is the Communications Director at Global Exchange, an international human rights organization. Mr. Mark's publicity work for Global Exchange has led to articles, opinion essays, and other reports in The New York Times, The Los Angeles Times, The Economist, National Public Radio, and The Newshour with Jim Lehrer, among many other publications and broadcast media outlets. Together, this exposure has helped uncover sweatshops on US soil, human rights abuses in Mexico, East Timor and Brazil, and the devastating effects of corporate globalization on communities and the environment.

Before joining Global Exchange, Mr. Mark worked as a reporter in San Francisco and the East Bay. His articles for Bay Area publications have covered a wide range of issues, including suburban sprawl, utility deregulation, education policy, and the environmental impact of North Bay oil refineries. Mr. Mark holds a bachelor1s degree in international relations from Georgetown University.

John Markoff

Senior Writer
New York Times

John Markoff is based in San Francisco as a senior writer for the New York Times where he covers Silicon Valley, computers and information technologies. Before coming to the Times in 1988 he covered Silicon Valley for the San Francisco Examiner beginning in 1985. He has also been a writer at Infoworld and in 1984 he was West Coast Technical editor for Byte Magazine. He is the co-author with Katie Hafner of "Cyberpunk: Outlaws and Hackers on the Computer Frontier" (1991) and with Lenny Siegel of the "The High Cost of High Tech" (1985). In January of 1996 Hyperion published "Takedown: The Pursuit and Capture of America's Most Wanted Computer Outlaw," which he coauthored with Tsutomu Shimomura. He was named as one of Upside Magazine's Digital Elite 100 in 1996, 1997 and 1998. He is working on a book on the book on Silicon Valley. He has been one of the TJFR list of 100 financial journalists for the past two years. He is currently writing a history of Silicon Valley.

Veni Markovski

Founder and Chairman
Internet Society, Bulgaria

Veni Markovski is founder and Chairman of the Internet Society, Bulgaria and Chairman of the Presidential Council for Information Technologies. He is also CEO of BOL, the largest ISP in Sofia. A leading advocate for Internet freedom in Bulgaria and globally, he filed and won a landmark case against the Bulgarian Committee for Post and Telecommunications to block, on legal and constitutional grounds, the proposed licensing of Internet Service Providers.

Jay Maxwell

President and COO
American Association of Motor Vehicle Administrators

Jay Maxwell is the President & COO of AAMVAnet, Inc., a subsidiary of the American Association of Motor Vehicle Administrators (AAMVA). AAMVAnet designs, implements and operates information systems and technical standards on behalf of the AAMVA membership. All US and Canadian states, provinces and territories are members of AAMVA. Prior to coming to work for AAMVA, Mr. Maxwell worked for 12 years at the US Department of Transportation, designing and implementing highway safety based information systems for the Federal Highway Administration and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.

Ken McEldowney

Executive Director
Consumer Action

Ken McEldowney is executive director of Consumer Action, a San Francisco based consumer advocacy and education membership organization. Consumer Action has worked on food, insurance, util-ity, privacy, toxics, health care, banking and telephone issues for 30 years.

Its current focus is on ensuring that the interests of low income and limited English-speaking consumers are protected during this period of deregulation and corporate mergers.

CA's National Consumer Resource Center yearly distributes more than two million fact sheets in up to eight languages through a na-tional network of 6,500 community organizations and social service organizations. Along with other staff, Ken McEldowney represents the consumer interest before state and federal regulatory bodies, Congress and the California Legislature.

At Consumer Action, he has directed its contracts with the FTC, FDA, Federal Reserve, DOT and HUD. Prior to coming to Consumer Action he was consumer editor for a weekly paper. Ken McEldowney is a graduate of the University of Michigan, with a BA in Political Science with graduate work in economics.

He is quoted widely on telephone, utility, health care, privacy, and banking issues and has been asked to speak on a variety of con-sumer related topics at conferences throughout the country. His ad-vice is sought by major corporations on a wide range of consumer is-sues and concerns.

He is immediate past president of the Consumer Federation of America‹a fed-eration of 250 pro-consumer organizations with more than 50 million individual members and now serves as vice president.

Among his other responsibilities, he chairs the California Public Utilities Commission's Universal Lifeline Telephone Service Trust Administrative Committee and chairs the Consumer Subcommittee of the FCC Consumer/Disability Telecommunciations Advisory Committee. In addition, he sits on the Universal Service Task Force and the boards of the Consumer Literacy Consortium and the Coalition Against Insurance Fraud.

Peter Menell

UC Berkeley Boalt Hall School of Law

Peter S. Menell, Professor of Law at the University of California at Berkeley School of Law (Boalt Hall) and Co-Founder and the Executive Director of the Berkeley Center for Law & Technology, holds a Ph.D. in economics from Stanford University, a J.D. from Harvard Law School, and an S.B. from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Following law school, he clerked for Judge Jon O. Newman of the U.S. Court of Appeals, Second Circuit. Professor Menell has written extensively in the fields of intellectual property and new technology, environmental law and policy, property law, and law and economics.

Steven J. Metalitz

Senior Vice President
International Intellectual Property Alliance (IIPA)

Steven J. Metalitz serves Senior Vice President of the International Intellectual Property Alliance (IIPA), the coalition of copyright industry trade associations working for stronger copyright protection and enforcement around the world. His duties with IIPA focus on the Asia/Pacific region and on issues of copyright protection in the digital and electronic commerce environments, including ratification and implementation of the WIPO Internet treaties. He is also counsel to the Copyright Coalition on Domain Names and a partner in the Washington, DC law firm of Smith & Metalitz, LLP.

From 1989 through 1994, Mr. Metalitz was Vice President and General Counsel of the Information Industry Association, directing the trade association's government relations program and developing and advocating its policy positions in copyright, telecommunications, privacy, government information policy, and other areas. From 1982-1989, he held several senior staff positions with the U.S. Senate Judiciary Committee, including Chief Nominations Counsel, and Chief Counsel and Staff Director of its Subcommittee on Patents, Copyright and Trademarks. He also served as Legislative Director to Sen. Charles McC. Mathias, Jr. (R-MD). Legislative achievements include the Semiconductor Chip Protection Act of 1984, Electronic Communications Privacy Act of 1986, and Berne Convention Implementation Act of 1988, and other information-related legislation. Before his government service, Mr. Metalitz practiced law in Charleston, South Carolina.

Mr. Metalitz is a member of the bar in the District of Columbia and South Carolina. He currently teaches copyright law as Professorial Lecturer in Law at the George Washington University Law School in Washington, DC. He is a Phi Beta Kappa graduate of the University of Chicago (B.A. 1972) and earned his law degree at Georgetown University Law Center (J.D. 1977).

John Morris

Director, Internet Standards, Technology and Policy Project
Center for Democracy and Technology Jobn B. Morris, Jr. is the Director of CDT's "Internet Standards, Technology and Policy Project." Prior to joining CDT in April 2001, Mr. Morris was a partner in the law firm of Jenner & Block, where he litigated groundbreaking cases in Internet and First Amendment law. He was a lead counsel in the ACLU v. Reno/American Library Association v. U.S. Dep't of Justice case, in which the Supreme Court unanimously overturned the Communications Decency Act of 1996 and extended to speech on the Internet the highest level of constitutional protection. In that case, Mr. Morris was responsible for the development of the factual presentation concerning how the Internet works, a presentation that served as the foundation for the Supreme Court's landmark decision.

Mr. Morris's ties to CDT are not new. From May 1999 through April 2000, he took a leave of absence from his law firm to serve as director of CDT's Broadband Access Project. The Project undertook a comprehensive assessment of the legal, policy, and factual issues surrounding the emergence of broadband Internet access technologies.

Prior to becoming a lawyer, Mr. Morris had extensive experience with both computers and politics. In the mid-1970's, as a staff member on Capitol Hill, Morris helped to promote the use of computer software to manage and improve constituent communications. In 1981, Mr. Morris joined the Datatel Minicomputer Company, where he was one of the lead system designers of the original version of the Quorum constituent management software. In 1985, he co-founded Intelligent Solutions, Inc., which took over development of Quorum and built it into the leading constituent services product used by Members of Congress today.

Mr. Morris received his B.A. magna cum laude with distinction from Yale University and his J.D. from Yale Law School, where he was the Managing Editor of the Yale Law Journal. Following law school, he clerked for Judge Thomas A. Clark of the Eleventh Circuit Court of Appeals, and worked for three years as a staff attorney at the Southern Center for Human Rights in Atlanta, Georgia. He joined Jenner & Block in 1990.

Deirdre Mulligan

Director, Samuelson Law, Technology and Public Policy Clinic; Acting Clinical Professor
Boalt Law School, Univesity of California

Deirdre Mulligan came to Boalt from the Center for Democracy and Technology, where she worked to advance privacy, free speech and other democratic values on the Internet. In 2001 she joined the Boalt faculty as acting clinical professor and director of the Samuelson Law, Technology, and Public Policy Clinic.

Mulligan serves on the California Internet Political Practices Commission that was created, as a result of the rapidly expanding role of the Internet in politics, to examine issues posed by political activity on the Internet in relation to the goals of the Political Reform Act of 1974 and recommend necessary legislative changes. In addition, she serves on the National Academy of Science Committee on Authentication Technologies and their Privacy Implications to assess emerging approaches to authentication in computing and communications systems, focusing on the implications of authentication technologies for privacy.

Mulligan wrote "Privacy in the Digital Age: Work in Progress," in Nova Law Review (with Berman, Winter 1999). With the Center for Democracy and Technology, she issued a report titled Square Pegs and Round Holes: Applying the Campaign Finance Law to the Internet--Risks to Free Expression and Democratic Values (October 1999). She also prepared the Report to the Federal Trade Commission of the Ad-Hoc Working Group on Unsolicited Commercial Email (July 1998). Mulligan received her B.A. from Smith College and her J.D. from Georgetown University.

Timothy J. Muris

Federal Trade Commission

Timothy J. Muris was sworn in June 4, 2001 as Chairman of the Federal Trade Commission. President George W. Bush named Muris, a Republican, on April 26, 2001 and he was confirmed by the Senate on May 25, 2001. Muris, 51, is the Commission's 55th Chairman.

Muris has held three previous positions at the Commission: Assistant Director of the Planning Office (1974-1976), Director of the Bureau of Consumer Protection (1981-1983), and Director of the Bureau of Competition (1983-1985).

After leaving the FTC in 1985, Muris served with the Executive Office of the President, Office of Management and Budget for three years, and afterward as Of Counsel with the law firm of Collier, Shannon, Rill & Scott (1992-2000) and Howrey, Simon, Arnold & White (2000-2001). Muris joined George Mason University School of Law as a Foundation Professor in 1988 and was interim dean of the law school from 1996 to 1997.

Muris graduated with high honors from San Diego State University in 1971 and received his J.D. from UCLA in 1974. He was awarded Order of the Coif and was associate editor of the UCLA Law Review. A member of the American Bar Association's Antitrust Section, Muris has written widely on antitrust, consumer protection, regulatory, and budget issues. In 1981, he served as the Deputy Counsel to the Presidential Task Force on Regulatory Relief

Andy Neff

Chief Scientist

As Chief Scientist, Andy Neff leads the research and development of cryptographic protocols for the VoteHere Election System. His innovations have led to state-of-the-art solutions that support the critical elements for a voting system worthy of the 21st century. Andy has spearheaded the company's development of Intellectual Property and has filed nine patents related to VoteHere's technology.

Prior to joining VoteHere, Dr. Neff was a Research Staff Member at the IBM T.J. Watson Research Center. While there, he developed and published several new ideas in the areas of algebraic and geometric computation and Design of Experiments.

In 1990 and 1996 Dr. Neff resolved the fundamental problem of determining the optimal complexity of solving non-linear univariate equations, which had been an open problem critical to several fields of computer science, since the mid 1970s. He left IBM to work for Stratasys, a company developing a "3D printing" machine for direct forming of solid parts from electronic data. There he improved on state-of-the-art software for geometric manipulations, as well as dynamic control. In 1998, he joined the technical team at Ioptics where he developed algorithms for advanced signal processing.

Dr. Neff has had several papers printed in scientific journals such as The Journal of Complexity and The Proceedings of the Fifth Annual ACM-SIAM Symposium on Discrete Algorithms. His paper specifying precision polynomial root isolation was selected as outstanding paper from the 1990 IEEE Foundations of Computer Science conference. He travels around the country speaking at cryptographers' and election-specific conferences and has given guest lectures at universities such as Stanford and Dartmouth.

Dr. Neff received his B.S. and M.S. in mathematics from the University of Chicago, and his Ph.D. in theoretical mathematics from Princeton University.

Peter G. Neumann

Principal Scientist
SRI International Computer Science Laboratory

Peter G. Neumann has doctorates from Harvard and Darmstadt. After 10 years at Bell Labs in Murray Hill, New Jersey, in the 1960s, he has been in SRI's Computer Science Lab since September 1971. He is concerned with computer systems and networks, security, reliability, survivability, safety, and many risks-related issues such as voting-system integrity, crypto policy, social implications, and human needs including privacy. He moderates the ACM Risks Forum, edits CACM's monthly Inside Risks column, chairs the ACM Committee on Computers and Public Policy, co-chairs the ACM Advisory Committee on Security and Privacy, co-founded People For Internet Responsibility (PFIR,, and co-founded the Union for Representative International Internet Cooperation and Analysis (URIICA, His book, Computer-Related Risks, is in its fourth printing. He is a Fellow of the ACM, IEEE, and AAAS, and is also an SRI Fellow. He is a member of the U.S. General Accounting Office Executive Council on Information Management and Technology, and the National Science Foundation Computer Information Science and Engineering Advisory Board. He has taught at Stanford, U.C. Berkeley, and the University of Maryland. See his Web site for further background.

Grover Norquist

Americans for Tax Reform

Mr. Norquist, a native of Massachusetts, has been one of Washington's most effective issues management strategists for over a decade.

Mr. Norquist is president of Americans for Tax Reform (ATR), a coalition of taxpayer groups, individuals and businesses opposed to higher taxes at both the federal, state and local levels. ATR organizes the TAXPAYER PROTECTION PLEDGE, which asks all candidates for federal and state office to commit themselves in writing to oppose all tax increases. To date, President George W. Bush, 210 House members, and 37 Senators have taken the pledge. On the state level, 9 governors and 1123 state legislators have taken the pledge.

Mr. Norquist also:

  • Served as a Commissioner on the Advisory Commission on Electronic Commerce.
  • Writes the monthly column "On Politics" for the American Spectator since 1992.
  • Wrote the book Rock the House - an analysis of the 1994 elections, which has been translated and published in Japanese.
  • Served on the National Commission on Restructuring the Internal Revenue Service.

In the past, Mr. Norquist has served as:

  • Economist and chief speech-writer, U.S. Chamber of Commerce (1983-1984).
  • Campaign staff on the 1988, 1992, 1996 Republican Platform Committees.
  • Executive Director of the National Taxpayers' Union.
  • Executive Director of the College Republicans.

In the words of former Speaker of the House Newt Gingrich, Grover Norquist is "the person who I regard as the most innovative, creative, courageous and entrepreneurial leader of the anti-tax efforts and of conservative grassroots activism in America . . . He has truly made a difference and truly changed American history."

P.J. O'Rourke says, "Grover Norquist is Tom Paine crossed with Lee Atwater plus just a soupcon of Madame Defarge."

Mr. Norquist holds a Masters of Business Administration and a Bachelor of Arts degree in Economics, both from Harvard University. He lives in Washington, DC.

Tim O'Reilly

Founder and President
O'Reilly & Associates

Tim O'Reilly is founder and president of O'Reilly & Associates, thought by many to be the best computer book publisher in the world. In addition to publishing pioneering books like Ed Krol's The Whole Internet User's Guide & Catalog (selected by the New York Public Library as one of the most significant books of the twentieth century), O'Reilly has also been a pioneer in the popularization of the Internet. O'Reilly's Global Network Navigator site (GNN, which was sold to America Online in September 1995) was the first Web portal and the first true commercial site on the World Wide Web.

O'Reilly continues to pioneer new content developments on the Web via its O'Reilly Network affiliate, which also manages sites such as and O'Reilly's conference arm ( hosts the popular Perl Conference, the Open Source Software Convention, and the O'Reilly Emerging Technology Conference, which focuses on peer to peer networking, web services, and the emergence of an internet operating system.

Tim has been an activist for Internet standards and for Open Source software. He has led successful public relations campaigns on behalf of key Internet technologies, helping to block Microsoft's 1996 limits on TCP/IP in NT Workstation, organizing the " summit" of key free software leaders where the term "Open Source" was first widely agreed upon, and, most recently, organizing a series of protests against frivolous software patents. Tim received Infoworld's Industry Achievement Award in 1998 for his advocacy on behalf of the Open Source community. An archive of Tim's writings on open source and open standards can be found at

Tim has written numerous books on computer topics, most notably UNIX Text Processing (with Dale Dougherty; Howard Sams, 1987), Managing UUCP and USENET (with Grace Todino; no longer in print), The X Window System Users' Guide (with Valerie Quercia), and The X Toolkit Intrinsics Programming Manual (with Adrian Nye), UNIX Power Tools (with Jerry Peek and Mike Loukides) and Windows 98 in a Nutshell (with Troy Mott and Walter Glenn). As an O'Reilly & Associates editor he has had a major hand in the development of many of the company's other titles, including UNIX in a Nutshell, Programming Perl, Sendmail, Essential System Administration, and The Cathedral and the Bazaar.

Tim is on the board of directors of, ActiveState, and the Open Source Applications Foundation.

Christopher Painter

Deputy Chief of the Computer Crime and Intellectual Property Section
Department of Justice

Christopher M.E. Painter is a Deputy Chief of the Computer Crime and Intellectual Property Section at the Department of Justice. In that position he supervises the Section's case and policy efforts concerning computer network intrusions, critical infrastructure protection, and other issues. From 1991 to March 2000, Mr. Painter was a criminal prosecutor in the U.S. Attorney's Office for the Central District of California (Los Angeles). During his tenure in Los Angeles, Mr. Painter specialized in the investigation and prosecution of high-tech, intellectual property and computer crimes and served as a Computer Crime and Internet Fraud Coordinator for his office.

Mr. Painter has investigated and prosecuted some of the most significant and high profile high-tech cases in the country, including the prosecution of notorious computer hacker Kevin Mitnick, the investigation of the February 2000 distributed denial of service attacks, the prosecution of the first Internet stock manipulation case-involving the posting of a bogus Bloomberg News page falsely reporting the sale of a company called PairGain that caused its stock to soar, the prosecution of former and present UCLA students who hyped stocks on Yahoo! and Raging Bull by posting false spam messages from public computers at UCLA, the prosecution of significant software piracy cases and the prosecution of one of the first Internet auction fraud cases. Mr. Painter serves on several Department of Justice and interagency working groups relating to computer hackers, Internet fraud investigations and prosecutions, electronic evidence, intellectual property crimes, and thefts of trade secrets. He is also co-chair of an ABA White Collar Crime Subcommittee on Computer Crime and Chair of the G8 High-Tech Crime Subgroup. In addition, he has lectured extensively and has appeared on 60 Minutes, CNN, CBS Morning News, the BBC and has testified before Congress concerning computer crime issues.

Mr. Painter attended Cornell University, graduating with a B.A. in 1980, and Stanford Law School, receiving a J.D. in 1984. Mr. Painter was a Senior Editor of the Stanford Law Review and graduated Order of the Coif. He subsequently clerked for the Honorable Betty Fletcher of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit before practicing law at the Washington, D.C., law firm of Arnold and Porter.

Deborah Pierce

Executive Director
PrivacyActivism --

Deborah Pierce is founder and Executive Director of, a new non-profit organization. PrivacyActivism focuses on consumer education campaigns, advocacy, and analysis of privacy issues, with particular emphasis on data flow, data matching, privacy risks associated with data collection, and biometrics.

Deborah was a committee member of the Federal Trade Commission's advisory panel on online access and security. She is a frequent public speaker, discussing privacy issues to local bar associations, industry groups, consumer organizations and the general public.

In her previous role as a staff attorney for the Electronic Frontier Foundation, she worked on issues related to electronic privacy, database information collection and personal identity.

Ronald L. Plesser

Piper Rudnick Marbury and Wolfe

Ronald L. Plesser focuses on issues that concern international communications, Internet law, legislative matters, telecommunications, privacy, data base companies, publishers, information and software providers and users, marketers and other companies affected by the emergence of new information technologies. This includes matters of wireless and terrestrial communications issues. Clients including trade associations and individual companies are represented before the United States Congress, federal agencies and all federal and state courts. Mr. Plesser has also represented clients in world regulatory organizations.

Mr. Plesser is past-Chair of the Individual Rights and Responsibilities Section of the American Bar Association. He has been an adjunct professor of law at George Washington University (1982-1986). He also was Deputy Director of the Science, Space and Technology Cluster of the 1992 Clinton-Gore Transition.

Mr. Plesser listed as one of Washington's Top High-Tech/Telecommunications lobbyist. Influence - The Business of Lobbying (December 2000).

Teresa Peters

Executive Director

Teresa Peters is executive director of, an NGO helping people in developing countries use information and communication technology to improve their lives. Currently focused on South Africa, tackles the obstacles to technology use at both the grassroots level -- to help people understand technology and its utility -- and at the policy level -- to help change laws and policies that hinder technology use. Teresa is a lawyer with technical expertise and a specialization in law and policy matters related to the Internet and electronic commerce. Before founding, she was an official at the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) based in Paris, where she led the efforts of the Committee on Information, Computers and Communications Policy in the areas of authentication, cryptography and security of information systems. Teresa managed the international negotiations for the 1998 OECD Ministerial Declaration on Authentication for Electronic Commerce, as well as the 1997 OECD Cryptography Policy Guidelines. She was in charge of the OECD project on illegal and harmful content on the Internet and worked on other information society issues including privacy and consumer protection. Teresa participates in a number of international fora dealing with digital divide, electronic commerce, and related issues, including the World Economic Forum Task Force on the Digital Divide, the Southern Africa Economic Community (SADC), the Technology Empowerment Network (TEN), the G8 DOT Force (2001), and the UNCITRAL Working Group on Electronic Signatures (1997-1999).

John Podesta

Visiting Professor of Law
B.A., Knox College; J.D., Georgetown

Professor Podesta is the former Chief of Staff to the President. He served in the first Clinton administration as an assistant to the President and staff secretary at the White House, where he managed the paper flow to and from the President, including coordination of White House Senior Staff advice on Presidential decision memoranda and approval on all Presidential documents. He also served as the principal White House spokesperson on the Whitewater investigation and as the senior policy advisor to the President on government information, privacy, telecommunications, and regulatory policy. Before joining the Clinton administration, Professor Podesta was president and general counsel of Podesta Associates, Inc., a Washington, D.C., government relations and public affairs firm. He has had extensive Capitol Hill experience, serving as chief counsel for the Senate Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry and as chief minority counsel to the Senate Judiciary Committee Subcommittees on Patents, Copyrights, and Trademarks; Security and Terrorism; and Regulatory Reform. He was special assistant to the director of Action, a federal volunteer agency and served as trial attorney in the Department of Justice, Land and Natural Resources Division. Professor Podesta has taught as an adjunct at the Law Center and has been a guest lecturer at American University Washington College of Law and at Harvard Law School. He was a visiting professor at the Law Center in the 1995-1996 and 1996-1997 academic years, and has been a summer faculty since 1997.

Kevin Poulsen

Editorial Director
SecurityFocus Online

Kevin Poulsen is a journalist, who serves as editorial director of the award-winning computer security news and information site SecurityFocus Online.

A former programmer, network administrator and hacker, Poulsen's past work includes writing a weekly column on computer crime and electronic privacy for TechTV, covering tech news for ZDNN, and writing as a freelancer for publications like Computer Shopper, FamilyPC and Wired Magazine.

His occasional speaking gigs have included appearances at the DefCon hacker convention in Las Vegas, the Air Force's Senior Information Warfare Applications Course, and the National Security Agency.

Dr. Avi Rubin

Principal Researcher
AT&T Labs - Research

Dr. Avi Rubin is a Principal Researcher at AT&T Labs ­ Research and a member of the board of directors of USENIX, the Advanced Computing Systems Association. He also has an appointment as an adjunct professor in the Computer Science department at NYU, and he serves as Associate Editor of the Electronic Commerce Research Journal.

Rubin has been actively working in the field of information and system security since 1991. He finished his Ph.D. in Computer Science at the University of Michigan in 1994 in the area of design, analysis and implementation of cryptographic protocols. Subsequently, Rubin worked at Bell Communications Research (now Telcordia Technologies) for 2 1/2 years. There, he designed and built several security systems, including Bellcore's Trusted Software Integrity System, for which he received a patent. Rubin also patented a technique for distributing encryption and authentication keys to smartcard enabled devices. His book, the Web Security Sourcebook (John Wiley & Sons, co-authored with Dan Geer and Marcus Ranum) was published in 1997. Rubin's new book, the White-hat Security Arsenal (Addison Wesley) is about solving computer security problems in the real world. In his last year at Bellcore, Rubin was promoted to Director of the Computer Security Research Group, where he managed eight Ph.D. level and three Masters level researchers.

In 1997, Rubin joined AT&T Labs (formerly Bell Labs) as a Senior Researcher and was promoted to Principal Researcher in March, 1999. His main role there is to identify strategic problems of interest to AT&T and to research appropriate solutions. He also serves on the AT&T Internet Intellectual Property Review Team, whose role is to prioritize AT&T's patent submissions, related to the Internet, to determine which are most important for their business. The team is responsible for deciding which patents get filed, and the level of urgency for the filing.

Rubin worked on the security architecture for Packetcable, which is Cable Labs' IP over cable standardization effort, in which AT&T is involved. He also designed and built a system called Crowds with one of his colleagues. This widely deployed system allows users to browse the web completely anonymously. More recently, he designed, built and deployed the Publius web publishing system with two colleagues. This system enables anonymous and censorship resistant web publishing that is also resistant to distributed denial of service attacks. Rubin was instrumental in the design, development and deployment of Absent, a system that allows users to access sensitive material behind a firewall on a corporate web site in a secure fashion. Other projects that he worked on include the design, analysis and implementation of a graphical password scheme, blocking Java applets at the firewall, secure remote audit, certificate revocation, and various authentication schemes. Rubin also participated on the team that was first to demonstrate the security flaw in WEP, the security protocol for 802.11 wireless networks. He has six more patents currently pending in the areas of information security and cryptographic protocols. To date, Rubin has published 11 refereed scientific journal articles and dozens of refereed conference publications. Three of his publications received Best Paper awards.

In addition to his research, Rubin has chaired four major Computer Science conferences and served on twenty one program committees for important conferences in computer security. He is also the former co-editor of the IEEE Cipher newsletter. Rubin served on the government Infosec Science and Technology Study Group on malicious code. He has also served on four doctoral committees, including two that he chaired.

Rubin is a frequent speaker to IT professionals on Wall Street and at various companies and universities around the world. He has been quoted on many occasions in the press, including the New York Times, the Washington Post, the front page of the USA Today, the Wall Street Journal, the Industry Standard, the New Jersey Star Ledger, Wired magazine, Internet week, CNN online, and many others. Rubin also appeared on TechTVand CNN television several times.

Lori Schecther

Morrison and Forerster

Ms. Schechter was born in Brooklyn, New York, in 1961. She received her B.A. degree from Cornell University in 1983, magna cum laude and Phi Beta Kappa, and her J.D. degree from Yale Law School in 1987. She served as law clerk to the Honorable Mark L. Wolf, United States District Court for the District of Massachusetts, during 1987 and 1988. Ms. Schechter associated with Morrison & Foerster in 1988, and became a partner of the firm in 1995. She is currently Assistant Chair of the firm's Litigation Department. Ms. Schechter's litigation practice has included defense of federal, state, and multidistrict class action cases involving antitrust and unfair competition claims, Internet privacy, and false advertising. Her clients span various industries, including Internet companies, beverage manufacturers, a pharmaceutical distributor, an entertainment ticket distributor, a life insurance company, and trade associations. In addition, Ms. Schechter has defended numerous clients in investigations and actions brought by government officials, including the FTC, various state Attorneys General, and state District Attorneys. Ms. Schechter has also handled trademark and trade secret cases, as well as other commercial litigation. Ms. Schechter is the author of "Multidistrict Litigation and Class Actions," Association of Business Trial Lawyers Report, Vol. 7, No. 3, July 1998, and "Most Favored Nations Clauses Are No Longer the Most Favored," 6 Competition 43 (Summer 1997). She also served as a PLI faculty member of "eCommerce: Strategies for Success in the Digital Economy," presenting "Privacy on the Internet: A Legal Framework," September 2000. In December 2001, Ms. Schechter was named one of the top 50 female litigators in the country by the National Law Journal. In May 2001, Ms. Schechter was selected by California Law Business as one of the top 20 under 40 California Lawyers. In 1991, she was awarded the Jack Wasserman Memorial Award and the Carol King Award in recognition of her participation in litigation on behalf of Salvadoran and Guatemalan refugees. Ms. Schechter's pro bono experience also includes a successful constitutional challenge to the California parental consent statute that required minors to obtain parental consent prior to obtaining an abortion.

Andrew Schulman

Chief Researcher
Privacy Foundation

Mr. Schulman is responsible for leading the foundation's Workplace Surveillance Project. Based in California, he is the author and editor of several computer-programming books (including "Undocumented Windows" and "Unauthorized Windows 95") on the internal operation and undocumented features of Microsoft operating systems. Since 1995 he has worked as a software litigation consultant, providing technical details in legal cases involving copyright, trade secrets, antitrust and, most recently, Internet privacy. His website is

Stratton Sclavos

Chairman, President, and CEO

Stratton Sclavos is chairman, president, and chief executive officer of VeriSign, Inc., the leading provider of digital trust services. Since joining the company in July 1995 as one of its first employees, Mr. Sclavos has grown VeriSign into a global corporation relied upon to provide the critical services that make trusted digital commerce and communications possible.

Mr. Sclavos has led the company through a period of robust growth and technology innovation. He was honored with the 2001 Morgan Stanley Morgan Leadership Award for Global Commerce and was named to Forbes Top 50 CEOs list for 2001. He was recognized by the Silicon Valley Business Journal as the Entrepreneur of the Year in 1998 in the emerging companies category.

VeriSign's portfolio of digital trust services has been recognized by major technology publications such as Network Computing (Editor's Choice Award for 2001 for Managed PKI Service). VeriSign's services have helped millions of businesses and individuals build, promote, and e-commerce-enable their Web sites. VeriSign was the recipient of the Information Security Magazine Excellence Award 2001 for Online Encryption. VeriSign was also been recognized as one of the Silicon Valley Fast 50 by Deloitte and Touche in the 2000 annual survey of America's fastest growing public companies.

Prior to joining VeriSign, Mr. Sclavos held executive management positions with several Silicon Valley technology companies, including Taligent Inc., a joint venture of Apple, IBM, and Hewlett Packard; and GO Corporation, a mobile computing company. Mr. Sclavos holds a BS in Electrical and Computer Engineering from the University of California, Davis.

Mr. Sclavos also sits on the board of directors of several public and private companies including Juniper Networks, Keynote Systems, and Marimba Inc.

A lifelong Bay Area resident and active in the community, Mr. Sclavos and his wife Jody formed the Sclavos Family Foundation to support charitable efforts in education and medical rese

Tiffany Shlain

CEO and Creative Director
The Webby Awards

Honored as one of Newsweek's "Women Shaping the 21st Century" Tiffany Shlain, 31 is Founder, CEO and Creative Director of The Webby Awards and appears regularly on ABC's Good Morning America as their Internet expert. An award winning filmmaker, she just directed a documentary on Intel Founder, Gordon Moore narrated by Harrison Ford. Her next film Life, Liberty & The Pursuit of Happiness will be completed this spring. Tiffany gives invited lectures and screenings of her films worldwide. Keynotes include MIT and the Sydney Opera house. She serves on the Board of Governors for the Commonwealth Club of California, sits on the advisory boards for the UC Berkeley Institute of Design and Comdex and is a Woodhull Institute Fellow. She has received awards for her filmmaking, graphic design and her leadership role in the technology and entertainment industries. Tiffany received her BA degree from University of California at Berkeley where she was selected as a Valedictorian speaker. She has studied filmmaking at New York University in 1991 and leadership at Harvard Business School in 2001. The 6th Annual Webbys is scheduled in June of 2002.

Barbara Simons

Consulting Professor, Stanford University
Former President, ACM

Barbara Simons was President of ACM from July 1998 until June 2000. She founded and co-chairs ACM's US Public Policy Committee (USACM). She is on the Board of Directors of the U.C. Berkeley Engineering Fund, Public Knowledge, and the Electronic Privacy Information Center, as well as the Advisory Board of Zeroknowledge. Simons earned her Ph.D. in computer science from U.C. Berkeley, worked at IBM Research for many years, holds several patents, and has authored numerous technical papers. She is currently a consulting professor at Stanford University.

Simons is a Fellow of ACM and of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. She received the Alumnus of the Year Award from the Berkeley Computer Science Department, the Norbert Wiener Award from CPSR, the Outstanding Contribution Award from ACM, and the Pioneer Award from EFF. She was selected by c|net as one of its 26 Internet "Visionaries" and by Open Computing as one of the "Top 100 Women in Computing". Science Magazine featured her in a special edition on women in science.

Simons served on the President's Export Council's Subcommittee on Encryption and on the Information Technology-Sector of the President's Council on the Year 2000 Conversion. She has testified before both the U.S. and the California legislatures and at government sponsored hearings. She was runner-up in the first election for the North America seat on the ICANN Board.

Clint Smith

Vice President and Chief Network Counsel

Clint Smith is the Vice President and Chief Network Counsel of WorldCom, a premier, facilities-based provider of data and Internet services, webhosting, and e-commerce solutions to business on a global basis.

Clint received his B.A. from Pomona College and his J.D. and M.A. from the University of California at Berkeley. Prior to joining WorldCom, Clint was an attorney in the international and technology practice groups of Steptoe & Johnson, LLP. Clint is a director and President of the U.S. Internet Service Provider Association and a member of the U.S. government's Electronic Commerce Industry Functional Advisory Committee. He can be contacted at

Cory Smith

Policy Analyst
Leadership Conference on Civil Rights

Cory Smith is a Policy Analyst with the Leadership Conference on Civil Rights (LCCR) and the Leadership Conference Education Fund (LCEF). The LCCR is the nation's oldest, largest, and most diverse coalition of civil and human rights organizations and consists of over 180 organization representing persons of color, women, children, organized labor, persons with disabilities, the elderly, and major religious groups. Cory's work primarily focuses on advocacy and education regarding equity in access to and utilization of Internet and communications technology issues before Congress, the federal courts and administrative agencies. Cory's other work at LCCR has included lobbying on judicial and executive branch nominations, electoral reform, and racial profiling. Currently Cory is leading a broad national and grassroots coalition entitled the, "Digital Empowerment Coalition" to save Federal community technology programs for rural and urban underserved communities.

Cory received his J.D. from the University of Oregon School of Law and is a member of the Washington State Bar and the Federal Communications Bar Association. Cory is a native of Cape Canaveral, Florida.

Jackie Speier

California State Senator

Jackie Speier (D-San Mateo/San Francisco) was elected to the 8th Senate District on November 3, 1998 with 79.2% of the vote. The district includes the western half of San Francisco and northern San Mateo County.

Speier first served in the State Legislature as a member of the State Assembly, 1986-1996, where two Republican governors signed 181 of her bills into law. The San Jose Mercury News reported in 1996, that "no one comes close to Speier's remarkable record of getting substantive legislation signed into law." Her legislative success rate was rated "Ruthian" by the Los Angeles Times.

As chair of the Assembly's Consumer Protection Committee for five years, she wrote pro-consumer laws to protect Californians from misleading internet transactions, travel fraud, telemarketing scams, unfair funeral and cremation practices, illegal stock transactions, inaccurate credit reports, gender discrimination in pricing of services, and the resale of lemon vehicles.

Barry Steinhardt

Associate Director

Barry Steinhardt is Associate Director and chair of the ACLU Cyber-liberties Task Force, which coordinates the ACLU's extensive program on information technology issues. He was a co-founder of the Global Internet Liberty Campaign (GILC), the world's first international coalition of Non- Governmental Organizations concerned with the rights of Internet users and one of the originators of the Internet Free Expression Alliance (IFEA), which was formed to monitor issues related to Internet content rating and filtering. In 1998, Steinhardt took a leave of absence from the ACLU to serve as President of the Electronic Frontier Foundation. He returned to the ACLU full time in January.

Steinhardt has spoken and written widely on information technology issues and has done extensive consulting for Human rights organizations in Central and Eastern Europe. At the invitation of members of the Japanese Parliament, Steinhardt recently gave a series of lectures in Japan on electronic surveillance in the information age.

He is currently at work on the ACLU handbook on "The Rights of Persons On-line."and was co-author of the ACLU public policy paper on Internet filtering and blocking technology -- "Farenheit 451.2 is Cyberspace Burning?"

Steinhardt is a frequent guest on news and talk programs and has appeared on such programs as CNN Crossfire, CBS Face the Nation and Morning News, The Today and The Donahue Shows.

As Associate Director, Steinhardt is also responsible for providing structural and managerial assistance to the ACLU's 52 affiliates. Steinhardt previously served as Executive Director of the Vermont and Pennsylvania Affiliates of the ACLU. He is a 1978 graduate of the Northeastern University School of Law.

Bruce Sterling


Bruce Sterling, author, journalist, editor, and critic, was born in 1954. He has written eight science fiction novels and three short story collections. He edited the anthology MIRRORSHADES, the definitive document of the cyberpunk movement. He also wrote the nonfiction book THE HACKER CRACKDOWN: LAW AND DISORDER ON THE ELECTRONIC FRONTIER (1992) available on the Internet. He has written regular columns on popular science and literary criticism for The Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction, Interzone, and Science Fiction Eye. He has appeared in ABC's Nightline, BBC's The Late Show, CBC's Morningside, on MTV, and in Wired, Wall Street Journal, World Art, Time, Newsweek, Details, Nature, The New York Times, Der Spiegel, and other equally improbable venues.

Peter Swire

Professor of Law, Ohio State University
Visiting Professor of Law, George Washington University

Peter P. Swire is a Professor of Law at the Ohio State University, and is a Visiting Professor at the George Washington University through the spring of 2002. From 1999 to early 2001 he served as the Clinton Administration's Chief Counselor for Privacy, in the U.S. Office of Management and Budget. In that position, he coordinated Administration policy on the use of personal information in the public and private sectors, and served as point of contact with privacy and data protection officials in other countries. He was White House coordinator for the proposed and final HIPAA medical privacy rules, and played a leading role on topics including financial privacy, Internet privacy, encryption, public records and privacy, ecommerce policy, and computer security and privacy. With Lawrence Lessig, he is Editor of the Cyberspace Law Abstracts of the Social Science Research Network. Many of his writings appear at

Paul Syverson

Naval Research Lab

Paul Syverson works primarily on design and formal analysis of protocols and systems for security, anonymity, and privacy at the Naval Research Lab. He is also finishing a forthcoming book on logic. He was too long in school accumulating degrees, has invented some, published more, won awards, served on boards of directors and the like, chaired various conferences, etc. More details at

Joseph F. Taggard, Jr.

Regional Sales Vice President, State of California
Elections Systems and Software

Mr. Taggard has over 30 years of election industry experience that include the successful completion of many major voting jurisdiction implementation projects. His experience ranges from punch card through precinct-based optical scan to DRE Touch Screen Systems. He has Overall responsibility for sales, marketing and support of the company's products in the State of California. Mr. Taggared has 32 years of relevant experience. He has recent on-site management experience in Cuyahoga County, Ohio (Cleveland); Harris County, Texas (Houston); King County, Washington (Seattle); San Francisco, California; and San Mateo County, California.

Lee Tien

Senior Staff Attorney
Electronic Frontier Foundation

Lee Tien is a Senior Staff Attorney with the Electronic Frontier Foundation, specializing in free speech law, including intersections with intellectual property law and privacy law. Before joining EFF, Lee was a sole practitioner specializing in Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) litigation. Mr. Tien has published articles on children's sexuality and information technology, anonymity, surveillance, and the First Amendment status of publishing computer software. Lee received his undergraduate degree in psychology from Stanford University, where he was very active in journalism at the Stanford Daily. After working as a news reporter at the Tacoma News Tribune for a year, Lee went to law school at Boalt Hall, University of California at Berkeley. Lee also did graduate work in the Program in Jurisprudence and Social Policy at UC-Berkeley.

Michael Vogel

Allegaert Berger & Vogel LLP

Michael Vogel is a partner at Allegaert Berger & Vogel LLP, a law firm based in New York City and Princeton, New Jersey. Michael represented Dendrite International in connection with its application for discovery of the identity of a number of John Doe defendants and in its appeal of the denial of part of that application. He has consulted with numerous attorneys representing litigants seeking to identify John Doe defendants and is currently working on an article concerning issues raised by such cases.

Fred von Lohmann

Senior Staff Attorney
Electronic Frontier Foundation

Fred von Lohmann is a Senior Staff Attorney with the Electronic Frontier Foundation, specializing in intellectual property law. Before joining EFF, Fred was a visiting researcher with the Berkeley Center for Law and Technology. His research focused on the impact of peer-to-peer technologies on the future of copyright. Prior to his research fellowship, Fred was an associate with the international law firm Morrison & Foerster LLP, concentrating on transactions and counseling involving the Internet and intellectual property. He comments frequently on copyright law and the Internet, including issues related to online music distribution and the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) and has advised a variety of Internet clients, including Yahoo, Verio, Myplay, and NBCi. Fred has an A.B. from Stanford University and a J.D. from Stanford Law School.

Kent Walker

Senior Vice President and General Counsel Liberate

Mr. Walker is senior vice president and general counsel, with overall responsibility for Liberate's legal affairs, including commercial licensing, litigation, intellectual property protection, and corporate transactions and governance.

Before joining Liberate, Mr. Walker served as associate general counsel of America Online, supervising the legal affairs of Netscape Communications. From 1995-97, Mr. Walker served as senior counsel to AirTouch Communications prior to its merger with Vodaphone. And from 1990-95, Mr. Walker served with the U.S. Department of Justice, prosecuting technology crime and advising the Attorney General of the United States on technology and management issues.

Mr. Walker received his J.D. from Stanford Law School in 1987 and his A.B. from Harvard College in 1983.

Mas Wigrantoro Roes Setiyadi

Indonesia Country Coordinator, Global Internet Policy Initiative

Mas Wigrantoro Roes Setiyadi is Indonesia country coordinator for the Global Internet Policy Initiative (GIPI), a joint project of CDT and Internews working in developing countries to promote the adoption of legal and regulatory reforms that will support growth of the Internet. MasWig has extensive experience in the ICT industry in Indonesia, having served over the past 20 years in managerial and technical roles for companies involved in fields ranging from network services to digital point to point microwave radio to software development. As a result of his work with GIPI, he has emerged as a central figure in Internet policy reform efforts in Indonesia, serving on or coordinating working groups drafting the new Telecommunication Law, the plans for 3G mobile communications systems, and the strategy for restructuring and privatizing the telecommunication sector. MasWig writes regular columns on technology policy issues for Warta Ekonomi Magazine, Telset Magazine, and FORUM Magazine.

Michael Yutrzenka

Sr. Manager for Community Investment

Michael Yutrzenka is the Sr. Manager for Community Investment at Cisco Systems, headquartered in San Jose, California. He has been at Cisco for nearly 10 years, in roles including Business Development, Channel Program Management, and Global Strategic Account Management. He joined Corporate Philanthropy in June 2000, to assist in carrying out the Mission of enabling the nonprofit sector by leveraging Internet Technology in Nonprofits and development of Nonprofit Relationships. Since April 2001 his efforts have been redirected to the development, implementation and management of the Community Fellowship Program. Michael also has over 15 years experience in the International arena. Prior to Cisco, he held several engineering and management positions and was most recently Vice President, International Sales for Arix Corporation. Michael currently serves on the board of the Second Harvest Food Bank of Santa Clara and San Mateo counties. Michael earned his B.S. in Computer Science from the University of North Dakota.


Privacy Policy